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Keeping the Sabbath- What is Time? pt.6 (Update)

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WHAT IS TIME pt. 6

Compiled by JS Lowther

KEEPING THE SABBATH

Answering objections

and

Explaining the 4th Commandment

Rest & Holy

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God:..For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested (sabbathed) the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

(Exodus 20:8-11)

Remember the sabbath day…

Gen 9:15 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.

Gen 9:16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.

Gen 9:17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token (sign , outh) of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.

The 4th command is the only command that starts with remember / zekar, consider the rain bow is the same as the sabbath moon in many ways… it is seen and remembrance is had about a covenant, the thing seen is a sign / token.

The idea of remembrance is had from seeing a thing, a sign, token.

This can also be seen as we see another command of the law:

Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue: And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring: That ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God.

(Numbers 15:38-40)

you can see that remembrance is had by seeing the ribband, this is how we can seen that the sabbath really is a sign.

Deu 5:15 adds

And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.

the sabbath day,

as discussed, the word sabbath references rest, as well as the fulfillment day, the completion day. this is the thing to be remembered when it is seen. The rest God had in creating the earth, as well as the completion of creation and the fullness of the creating.

…to keep it holy.( lit. to hallow it)

In this way the Sabbath was consecrated thus by YHWH first in Gen 2, and this for the cause of Adam, that he would keep it pure, holy, sanctified, venerated and hallowed for the purpose of rest from labour and by extension for worship of the creator in place of work. The hallowing is a special setting apart specifically for resting in YHWH.

The keeping of the sabbath holy is one of those things which every soul must study out and define for them selves. It can be a sticky thing to get involved with your brethren or neighbors sabbath keeping.

there are divisions on many things, and your personal definition of one tenant of sabbathing may not be agreed on by those around you. In times when people took council from there elders, and heads of families he would most likly be the one to decide if one was willfully or ignorantly breaking the sabbath. Yet in a time when Israel is in such disarray, this thing must be focused on by the devoted head of house (grandfather, father, brother, step father (master), who ever you have as your highest God ordained authority. And if you are the only one observing, then you are left to your own research. Fathers should take this as a special part of their God ordained authority, to arrange the laws of God in your home as you can understand them. Don’t be afraid to take council, but do not pass the

buck. Very importantly, we should all respect our fellow brothers personal observations, in this world biblical reality is not the easiest thing to follow, nor is any lawful following, so especially on the sabbath, protect your self from the pitfall of self righteousness, while still walking circumspectly. I’m not implying to keep fellowship with those who willfully break their own understanding of the sabbath, or have none at all, with the exception of being a witness.

With that being said let us consider a few verses which are commonly viewed in an un-biblical realistic way…

Exo 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.

Exo 35:3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

Here is a good place to make mention of this common phenomenon of un realistic bible keeping:

What do I do in the winter if I can’t kindle a fire to stay warm?

May be it never gets that cold in Israel?

Biblical reality answer:

It Gets cold enough to snow in Israel as the people knew what snow was well: Exodus 4:6; Numbers 12:10; 2 Samuel 23:20; 2 Kings 5:27; Job 6:16; 9:30; 24:19; 37:6; 38:22; Psalms 51:7; 68:14; 147:16; 148:8; Proverbs 25:13; 26:1; 31:21; Isaiah 1:18; 55:10; Jeremiah 18:14; Lamentations 4:7; Daniel 7:9; Matthew 28:3; Mark 9:3; Revelation 1:14;

Remember also that Peter warmed him self by the coals in Joh_18:18

So what do we do to keep warm on the sabbath?

maybe the Prohibition is on making the fire, as kindle means to start in English ?

No, the word kindle is the Hebrew word ‘bawr’ H1197, and is translated burn, burnt, burned more often than not. So simply it is “ye shall burn no fire…” What to do? Ignore? Justify? Break to stay warm?

Consider the context of Ex 35

1. Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together..

2. Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest…

3.kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

4.Take ye from among you an offering unto the LORD: whosoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of the LORD; gold, and silver, and brass…on

5.goats’ hair, And rams’ skins dyed red, and badgers’ skins, and shittim wood,

6.oil, incense

7. stones

8. to make The tabernacle, his tent, and his covering, his taches, and his boards, his bars, his pillars, and his sockets,

Exo 35:12 The ark, and the staves thereof, with the mercy seat, and the vail of the covering,

Exo 35:13 The table, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread,

Most all of the things mentioned that needed to be made require fire. Smelting, drying, tanning,The context of Ex 35 and 36 is that work needed to be done, but don’t use working on the temple as a reason to break the sabbath, why else would this be the first thing said to the congregation be fore all the rest?

for me it is the best answer, if you wish to not have a fire on the sabbath then that is your studied opinion, I would, however, that you not judge me for my understanding , and just not invite me over on a freezing sabbath to see your conviction.

When trying to understand the sabbath, remember it is a realistic command, and must be attainable.

Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work…

Some say that labour is not commanded for six days, but it is here.

Most of the people who object to a Lunar Sabbath which holds the new moon as an extended sabbath period, argue that it is contrary to the 4th commandment. But is it? Ezekiel held the six working days as separated from the sabbath and the new moon.

Eze 46:1 Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.

Not only is it practically seen for good health to be active and not ‘resting’ or sitting around every day, but only hard working people respect the festival aspect of sabbath keeping, especially the new moon when one spends much time away from family, friends and worship as well as study of the creators word.

The command to do something productive for six days consecutively at the least is not a burden, it is again another way YHWH shows his own self through his law, as his desire for his people. No mater what you do for work or what you consider labour if you are doing it for 6 days consecutively you will be more diligent in keeping the seventh sabbath day, the fulfillment day as holy, they will work hand in hand.

The new moon based sabbath proposed breaks the 4th commandment by having it’s first or last week of 8 days depending on the new moon and NOT having a consistent 7 day week through out.

Answer- While this is true that all lunar months will have no less than 8 days to the first week of a month of 29 days and if the moonth has 30 days, the last week directly before the 8 day first week will have 8 days as well. Yet this does NOT break the commandment for the following: The days of Sabbath are NOT working days, and simply comply with all sabbatical law that states ” Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath…”, by this harmony is found as YHWH speaks in Ezekiel 46:1 (as mentioned previously), the Sabbath and new moon are NOT among the “six working days”. This is the simplest way to harmonize the Sabbath command with the Creation laws of Genesis 1:14 leading us directly to the new moon.

WHAT IS THE TIME OF THE yEAR? – What is Time? 5 (Update)

A

CALENDRIC UNDERSTANDING
of
THE MONTH OF NEW EARS

 

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WHAT IS TIME? pt. 5

WHAT IS TIME? pt. 5-2

Compiled byJS Lowther

 

In understanding the Calendar of the People of Israel, it is an attempt to understanding the Calendar of YHWH, the God of Heaven and Earth. Much is to be examined here as would pertain to time keeping in general via the scriptures accompanied by natural facts which are the living testament of spiritual logic, I like to call this Biblical Reality or Biblical Sustainability.
In this particular study the keeping of Passover will be the end goal, but first a general under standing of Biblical time keeping must be established. While in the future time devotions will be made to offer a deeper understanding of the spiritual nature and the holistic relationship these items have in the scripture.

No calendric study could commence with out special attention given to it’s creation, as found in Genesis 1:

The criteria given by the Law of God for analysis has been outlined thus:

A. The Great light or Sun rules the day
B. The lesser light or Moon with the stars also to rule the night

(As a 2nd witness to common sense, since there are those who challenge that the moon is among the lesser lights – Psalms 136:9 The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy endureth for ever. This I hope should settle that to quickly stay on line.)

#1. The evening starts the day, with morning coming after (Gen 1:5)

In Genesis 1:14-19, God ordained the lights in the firmament of the heaven to:

#2. divide the day from the night;
#3. and let them be for signs,
#4.and for seasons,
#5.and for days,
#6. and years:
#7. and He let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth.

 

Point #1 and #2 Evening starts / Ends the days
The above #1 is to be remembered as scriptures dealing with passover are gotten into, but in the mean while here is a list of verses to show with out doubt that Israel was using evening as the time for the start/end of the day to the next: Lev. 11:24,25,27,28,31,32,39, 40: 14:46; 15:5,6,7,8,10,11,16,17,18,19,21,22,23,27; 17:15; Num. 19:7,8,10; 2Ch. 18:34; Eze. 12:7; Gen. 1:5,8,13,19,23,31; 8:11; 24:11; 29:23; 30:16; Exo. 12:6; 16:8; Lev. 23:32;Gen. 19:1; Exo. 12:18; 16:6,12,13; 29:39,41; 30:8; Lev. 23:5,32; Num. 9:3,5,11,15; 19:19; 28:4,8; Deu. 16:4,6; Jos. 5:10;Jdg 19:16 Eze. 12:4; 24:18; Lev. 22:7; Deu. 3:11; Deu. 16:6; Jos. 10:27. And more!

The Biblical and Natural fact that Eveneing is the literal, intrinsic, and signaled manifestation of the division of, first, day from night, and second, day from day is self evident.
An ancient non-electric society would not hold evening as the end and and start of holy days alone but all days.
Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening. – Psa 104:23

Point #3 SIGNS

Signs- H226- ???- owth- related to H225/H853[- ??- ayth- Apparently contracted from H226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely): – (As such unrepresented in English / but may be understood in part by the word “that”.] (in the sense of appearing); a signal, as a ensign, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.: – mark, miracle, (en-) sign, token.)

Reasonably added to Strong’s lexical testimony is the Hebrew word ayth, as it’s grammatical function is to point out a noun in reference like as the word owth, is the evidence of the happening. As “ayth” is read in the Hebrew Scriptures, for example, “that (ayth) man”, in order to specify a particular man, so an OWTH specifies “that” happening with a sign or signal, in the context of this Gen 1:14 study an OWTH specifies a moment in time.
Hereafter are examples of the usages of the Hebrew word owth-H226:
Cain’s mark -Gen 4:15,
The Rainbow, a token of the covenant to Noah’s children -Gen 9:13,
Circumcision as a token of YHWH’s Covenant with Abraham -Gen -17:11,
Miracles are signs, in Egypt or the wilderness for instance -Exo 4:8.
And very importantly in reference to another sign and season is the weekly, monthly, and yearly Sabbaths. Exodus 31:13-17 KJV
(13) Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign (H226) between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the YHWH that doth sanctify you.
(16) Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
(17) It is a sign (H226) between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the YHWH made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
Well substantiated is the biblical fact that the Sabbaths are days which are governed by points # 1 and #2, the above shows that they are Signs as well and fall under point #3.
In ending, a Sign according to scripture is a thing that is able to be sensed by the human senses, most often but not exclusively seen. As well to be circumstantially added for consideration, OWTH is strikingly similar to our English word ‘oath’, as in swearing or affirming, as should be know, swearings and affirmations accompany covenants and promises. An OWTH in the heavenly lights will be a SIGNal of the Season to the earthly inhabitants that are are on it.
#4 and for SEASONS
Sabbaths, New Moons and Holy days
Passover is accompanied by sabbatical days which commence it’s evening meal (as will be seen) and its last day. Both the weekly Sabbath and the feastival sabbaths are called signs as defined above, thus the Sabbath as well as the other appointed seasons or MOED(im) are events which are seen by their signs or signals.

 

1898 Young’s Literal Translation of Lev 23:2-4:
(1) And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,
(2) `Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, Appointed seasons of Jehovah, which ye proclaim, holy convocations, are these: they are My appointed seasons:
(3) six days is work done, and in the seventh day is a sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; ye do no work; it is a sabbath to Jehovah in all your dwellings.

(4) `These are appointed seasons of Jehovah, holy convocations, which ye proclaim in their appointed seasons:
(5) in the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, between the evenings, is the passover to Jehovah;
(6) and on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast of unleavened things to Jehovah; seven days unleavened things ye do eat;

 

The Literal Translation above is most accurate on this subject, leaving the reader with little doubt that all mentioned moad-(i)-(im) are “appointed seasons”, the Sabbath as first is included with no exception, and all are JeHoVaH or YHWH God’s very own appointed times, those which He has declared.
It is here that a strong persuasion must, at the very least, be examined and considered: that the Sabbaths / holy convocations, days of no servile work which are the head and tail of the “feasts” ordained from the 15th day to the 22nd day of the first and seventh biblical month are, none other than the Sabbaths mentioned in Lev 23:3, keeping the weekly seventh day and the Sabbaths of the festivals as one in the same.
If there is validity that the “festival” Sabbaths and the weekly seventh day Sabbath are one and in the same, and thus part of the Gen 1:14-15 system of heavenly time keeping, then it must be testified by the word of God and told:
What light(s) are appointed by YHWH God for SEASONS / Moed(im)?
Psa 104:19 He appointed (H6213-????-aw-saw- made) the moon for seasons (H4150- moad-im): the sun knoweth his going down.
Here the psalmist sings of the works and doings of YHWH, among those wonders are the moon’s appointing of seasons ( moad(im) and the sun’s going down or ‘door’ (entrance / exit). It is here that the Word of God mentions specificly the moon’s appointing for moad-im / seasons; according to the psalmist the moon was made (appointed) for the very purpose of ‘moadim’ (seasons).
The moon is a crucial and essential part of Leviticus 23 and Genesis 1:14-15’s appointed seasons; while the lights (plural) are all for signs and seasons, the moon has a special place in it’s creation or making, as it was made to declare God’s very own appointed seasons or moad-im clearly to His observers.

The apocryphal book of the Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirach, a.k.a., Ecclesiasticus presents an ancient perspective of a post captivity Israelite, while some may not respect the old apocryphal writings as canon, they must be at least regarded as presenting an ancient perspective. Jesus son of Sirach 43:6-10 puts it thus:
6 He made the moon also to serve (appear) in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world.
7 From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light that decreaseth in her perfection.
8 The month (*Chodesh) is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing
(9?)being an instrument of the armies (Camp pitched) above, shining in the firmament of heaven; 9 The beauty of heaven, the glory of the stars, an ornament, giving light to the highest places of the Lord
10 At the commandment of the holy one they will stand in their order, and never faint in their watches.
*Hebrew for month: Chodesh-H2320-????-From H2318-to be new; causatively to rebuild; the new moon.
From the wisdom of Sirach, we see not only the clock work of the moon with that of the stars in the back drop. The moon traveling through the stars in the firmament of Heaven is seen as a camp or army pitched on high standing watch. The moon and stars work together in Jesus son of Sirach’s mind, yet the moon is no doubt the beacon or “the sign of feasts”, among those “feasts” of post captivity Israel was the weekly Sabbath / seventh day as the Law in Lev 23 has commanded. As the moon makes declaration of time, it must therefore be a declaration of the month or Chodesh but of the week and therefore of the Sabbath.

In passing, an article on the new moon or Chodesh is to be posted, as many do not recognize it as such, the New moon is part of the Sabbatic season which works to keep the Genesis calendar system ordered by YHWH in perfect alignment from days all the way to the years. As Jesus Ben Sirach said in verse 8 The month is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing, the Hebrew word Chodesh perfectly answering to this summation, as its root meaning is to renew.
At this point the new moon is not specifically laid out in certain terms, yet it is, with biblical backing very likely, that the new moon is part of the Sabbath in reference, just as no other lunar light or division of it is listed either, moed is definitely an appointed time dictated by a light or lights, but what ones?

 

We must look to YHWH as an instructor of nature the teacher and maker. The YHWH set the moon in motion to give us four main phases, New, first half, full, and last half then back to new.
Starting with the new moon, that is the conjunction, when the last light of the moon is covered and a phenomenon which we can not see occurs, that of the moon equally having its body covered by the shadow of the earth, being hid to the suns reflection.
Psa 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. (LIT trans.- Blow the ram’s horn in the new moon, at the full moon, on our feast day.)
Psa 81:4 For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of Jacob.
Psa 81:5 This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.
Psa 81:6 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
When a Sabbath is commenced it is most literally a cession from labor it has no need of being 24 hours or one sun up to sun down. The Law specifies 6 working days, not 1 sabbath day. Ezekial confirms this notion best by telling us of the future kingdom temple:

Eze 46:1 Thus saith the Lord YHWH; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.
Eze 46:3 Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the YHWH in the sabbaths and in the new moons.

 

According to scripture the day of the New Moon was and is sacred to YHWH, we were told to assemble, offer sacrifices and, in the law as found in Num 10:10, Num 28, as well the histories of Israel and the inspired prophets inform us that this day is closely connected to the Sabbath. 2Ki. 4:23; 1Ch. 23:31; 2Ch. 2:4; 8:13; 31:3; Neh. 10:33; Isa. 1:13; 66:23; Eze. 45:17; 46:1,3; Hos. 2:11; Amos 8:5.

Thus it is that the festival of the new moon is not reckoned as a day or Yom (Hebrew) of it’s own in a weekly sense but it is part of the Sabbath as an event that had previously commenced, for the new moon will always follow the fourth monthly 7 day weekly Sabbath: as there after the new moon dictates the day that the following weekly sabbaths will happens on until the next New moon. The ending Sabbath which has the new moon attached has the possibility of lasting for 2 or 3 days, which 1 Samuel 21 tells us was observed by the Israelite people during the rule of Saul with David commonly being present at the king’s table. This two day festival is necessary so that the moon’s cycle is properly accounted for, as the moon functions on a 29 or 30 day month.
The pressure of the scripture impresses that the 15th day of the month needs be a Sabbath, thus the count is commenced at the evening of the new moon as 1 (the first day of the month), then you have days 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 , this eighth day of the month is the Sabbath occurring on the first quarter or waxing half of the moon, on the 8th day of the month; then you count 1, 2,3, 4, 5, 6, working days of the week, bringing you to the 7th day of the week but the 15th day of the month occurring on the full moon and so on.
This keeps the week, month and Sabbath all in working order as to lead us unto the yearly Moed(im), feasts that occur on the full, half and new moons as Sabbaths, all thereby harmonizing with the Sun and the stars once you start watching.
Is all this laid out plainly in holy writ? No, but it is able to be constructed fairly easily, just from seeing how on the first and second month of the Exodus of Israel found in in Ex 16 the 15th day was a Sabbath, both months, that should make any one scratch their head as no seven day count will get such an answer. Nor will it do so to get from the Passover Sabbath of the 14th at evening to the 15th of the first month ABIB counting to the 14th at evening to the 15th day of the Seventh month for Tabernacle’s Sabbath using a seven day count with no new moon days, not to mention both festivals end on the 21st at evening holding the weekly 7th day sabbath on the 22nd day of the month in perfect alignment with the festival sabbaths. As as well the days of Purim in the book of Esther, fall on 14th and 15th of the twelfth month Adar. By such logic it must be constructed that the 8th and 29th days are, as well regular weekly Sabbaths in order to receive a month which fits into this sabbatical order the sabbatic New Moon must be established.

Point #6 And Years
The Rosh Chodesh
The Chodesh of Abib
The Month of New Ears
All of this Calendric sudy has been building upon the primary principles of the kingdom of Heaven in order to up hold a consistent calendar able to sustain a real society and Nation. Often times religious or spiritual calendars are ignorant of natural events and do not support societies that use it’s religious calendar functionally. Yet the Bible offers an observant adherent this reality.

(Exo 9:31-32)
And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear (H24-ABIB), and the flax was bolled.But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
Here is seemingly where the first Biblical month derives it’s name, from the barley being in it’s new or first state, the green ear.
(Exo 12:2 KJV+)
This month (H2320-rebuilding) shall be unto you
the beginning H7218 -Rosh / head) of months:(H2320- Chodesh / rebuildings)
it shall be the first (H7223 -Rosh-on / begining) monthH2320- Chodesh) of the yearH8141 -Shanah / be done again) to you.

As seen the Barley’s new ear is the symbolic and literal name for the first and head month and new year.
(Exo 13:4)
KJV trans.
This day came ye out in the month Abib.
LXX- Apostles Bible Polyglot trans.)
For today you go forth in [the month new].G3501
LXX-Brenton trans.
For on this day ye go forth in the month of new corn.

The above is an example of the wording used in the texts to follow as to how the LXX understood Abib, as the following verse list follows suit.

(Exo 23:15 KJV)
Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)

(Exo 34:18 KJV)
The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.
(Lev 2:12-14)
As for the oblation of the firstfruits (H7225-Roshith: From the same as H7218-Rosh the first…)… of thy firstfruits unto the YHWH, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn (H24-Abib) dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears.
(Deut 16:1 KJV)
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the YHWH thy God: for in the month of Abib the YHWH thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

So where does the Genesis 1:14-15 Calendar fit into determining the Month of ABIB and thus the New YEAR?

Would be too generic of an answer to say that the sun and the moon’s light in photosynthesis and gravitation helps the crops into ripening in order to bring about Abib? However this not to far off. But more celestially intertwined with this cycle which the mind of Man has only repetitiously conceived, not knowing fully the sweet influences of the heavens on earth.
our focus on the Genesis calendar we have mentioned the Sun and Moon specificly, while the stars are among the lesser lights also. The stars are used at night in time keeping seemingly because common man can see them most clearly at that time. The moon moving through the ecliptic circle with the sun, their positions in it’s relation only known by the sighting of the last sliver before the new moon, and the first sliver after the new moon and by sighting the true full moon in so knowing that the sun is, at that time, diametrically opposed thereto: Thus the sun rises in the morning where the full moon rises at evening and so forth at sun and moon down. By this observation, the Zodiac which is the star groups the lights (Sun and Moon) go forth throughout the year. The moon passing through quickly, one twelfth (1/12) of that circle every 2 to 3 days. While the sun as a bride groom fit to run a race moves through that same 1/12 more slowly every 29 to 30 days in order to make its conjugation or conjunction date with his bride the moon in a new tabernacle every Chodesh or rebuilding. This occurrence may be seen at those diametrically oppositional points mentioned above. With interest, since the sun is in conjunction at new moon both “hands” of the heavenly clock are aligned at a particular spot in the Zodiac. And when this happening has run it’s course from one end of heaven to the other in full circle, a literal NEW YEAR full of literal NEW EARS must occure!
This Phenomenon has been sang of in Psalm 19:4-7:
Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them (The heavens- vrs 1) hath he set a tabernacle for the sun (this is the houses or mansion, the 1/12 sections of the Zodiac called signs), Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. The LAW of the YHWH is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the YHWH is sure, making wise the simple.
Thus the Zodiac has a role as the sun passes through it’s 12 signs like numbers on a clock, along this heavenly happening the Pleiades or the seven stars come about outside of the ecliptic / zodiac circle. At the time pleiades brings it self into view in it’s season, as was well known in the ancient world, as the agricultural sign for the commencement of the growing year:

Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion? Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth (Hebrew word for Zodiac) in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons? Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth? (Job 38:31-33 KJV)

And that is the question, do we even attempt to know those ordinances?

 

While there are two Zodiacs you will find, one a counterfeit, no surprise, one what actually happens in the heavens. The counterfeit is called the tropical zodiac, it is what is found in the horoscope section of the curent news paper, it however being out of date by about two thousand years! The true zodiac that you can literally see if you look up at night is referred to as the sideral zodiac, and it should be our only interest, as it is YHWH’s current light on the earth in giving signs and seasons, days and years.
One of our great Historians Josephus left us a note about when the Exodus took place, as well as when the Passover was kept in his day. Let it not be forgotten that Josephus was a contemporary of Christ, and followed the very same calendar our savior followed. Insomuch as our Lord never argued with any one on the subject of when to keep the feast, including the Pharisees, which Josephus was one, it is evident that Christ kept the same holy days as Josephus, and here is what he said:
In the month of Xanthicus, which is by us called Nisan, and is the beginning of our year, on the fourteenth day of the lunar month, when the sun is in Aries, (for in this month it was that we were delivered from bondage under the Egyptians,) the law ordained that we should every year slay that sacrifice which I before told you we slew when we came out of Egypt, and which was called the Passover; and so we do celebrate this passover in companies, leaving nothing of what we sacrifice till the day following. The feast of unleavened bread succeeds that of the passover, and falls on the fifteenth day of the month, and continues seven days, wherein they feed on unleavened bread; – Josephus : Antiquities of the Jews: Book 3:10:5
Notice the reference to all three lights of the Genesis Calendar: 1. lunar month, 2. sun 3. Aries (the ram).
This equals the new moon which happens when the sun is in Aries / the Ram.
This literal sideral reckoning places the month of Abib about one month after the modern and commonly understood reckoning which does so using the first new moon after or a little before the spring equinox (depending on the archaic pre-calculations).
Does this sideral zodiac have any reason to put trust in other than Josephus’ say so?
Insomuch as by using this calendric system, it keeps all three of the lights of heaven used, as well it allows the proper amount of time for Barley to be ABIB, as well as have ripened first fruits of the wheat harvest for the Pentecost, in the majority of the northern hemisphere in this very present day, from Dan to Beersheba so to speak, it offers much more to the biblical realist who would like to live the bible out sustainably. For when one even considering the geographic boundaries of the people of Israel in the promised land, not only would the most southern tribe of Judah have need of first fruits but the northern tribe of Dan must have thiers as well even into the elevated north mountains.
In a more cosmic realm much could be said when the universally recognized western signs of the zodiac are followed, this system literally/ siderally has the slaying of the male lamb with out blemish in the season of Aries / the ram, while the full moon is risen in Libra or the scales of justice (liberty, liberation justice)a pictorial understanding? Ask your self is the Exodus and the Cross offer both of those understandings ? Remember that diametric opposition in the seventh month at Tabernacles also!
If that were all of the good reasons and striking substances of interest I’d tell you… but there NOT!
Stay tuned as we delve further into the Genesis Calendar in the Chodesh s to come!

 

 

 

WHAT IS THE TIME OF THE NEW MOON? – What is Time?(Update)

What is the time of the new moon?

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What is the time of the new moon?

If the Moon is for seasons or appointed times, and feasts and signs How does it work to determine the 7th day?

By linking Psalm 104, Lev 23, Gen 2, Gen 1 tells us that by paying attention to the lights in the heaven , particularly the moon, we may use the lights to determine all the feasts or appointed times of YHWH, including His sign Sabbath and all of His Holy Days.

So how do we see the Appointed Times, Seasons and Signs in the lights of Heaven? We must construct the system by paying attention to it’s order, that is look at what we know from Scripture and look to the Natural Heavenly order YHWH has set to declares HIS Word through all the earth according to Psa_19:1-10 and a large dose of logic and commonsense. By this we may straightly conclude that is the scripture is clear on the subject of the Moon’s function in the determination of YHWH’s Feasts, then the Speech of the moon serves in it’s own testimony for a declaration of the times according to it’s Ordained Order.

 

Right division must be had in order to determine the exact times of the sabbaths, to fit into the proper division of days in our specific locality as determined from evening to morning and evening again. Remembering the first principles of time division into Days / Yom (s) is important as the first aspect of the lights are inculcated into the formula. There are two “types of days / Yom(s), 1. is the holistic (so called 24hr) Day, this is Yom, as well 2. is the light period of Day as Gen 1:5 showes both. Seen in the operation of the lights of heaven in the aboved outlined points 2. A and 2. D, both types of Day are present, while Gen 1:5 has the functionary nature of the lights built in the function itself, either,always was or was given to the lights in Gen 1:14 to pick up where time was at that very time. Thus evening and morning are the ordained order of heavenly time as a division of day from night and from day to day with in our own locality in the scope of the above heavens.

Psalms 104:19-23 tells that:

(19) He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

(23) Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.

The season in vrs 19 is the same moad and the evening is the same arab, the life of beast and man are affected by the moad-im, that is the plural form of moad or moad-i which is more the personal form of moad, as used in Lev 23:2 and to be proclaimed, yet the evening tide of the moon’s seasons are appointed by YHWH for all of the world. It is no doubt that a collective civil body, Church, must establish moad-i for the local congregation’s worship, yet it must be established upon the moon’s seasons, as the “phases” of the moon are spaced at a 7 day interval is can be seen that the moon’s plural moad-im of Ps 104:19 is the moad-i of Lev 23:2 ‘s personal season of YHWH proclaimed by the children of Israel.

If the lights in the heaven are for seasons (Gen 1:14-18) and seasons are appointed by the moon (Ps 104:19) and are the seasons are Sabbaths (Lev 23), the covenantal sabbath sign as described in Exodus 31:13-17, are the literal signs of the moon’s seasons to be proclaimed by local congregations who share in the same evening to evening assembly.

How to use the moon’s sign and seasons.

Functionally, as the wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach, teaches the moon it self was to serve in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world. From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light that decreaseth in her perfection. The month is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing… Above it was mentioned that the Hebrew word Chodesh is the word being refereed to here as it references both the function of the moon’s rebuilding or renewal and the moonth it self. It is therefore able to be understood the sign of the “feasts” is the Exo 31 sabbath sign and the sabbath sign is derived from the moon via it’s Chodesh, or renewal.

If Lev23 seats the sabbath as a season, and the feast as seasons which has Sabbaths with in it we should be able to see that the weekly seventh day is the first

the 15th day of the 1st and 7th moonth with the 22nd ending

also the feast of trumpets which is the new moon of the 7th month or the 1st day of the 7th month all are sabbatical

By using the 1st and 7th moonth as the chief moonth it teaches us a common understanding of moad that the 14th at even into the 15th day of the month and the 21st at even into the 22nd day of the month are sabbath days. Also by seeing the feast of trumpets which seems as a chief day of the regular monthly new moon and trumpet blowing

Num 10:2 Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.

Num 10:3 And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Num 10:4 And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee.

Num 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.

One may ask why did God specify the feast of trumpets if every new moon was a sabbath feast and every new moon the trumpet was blown. The answer could be to make the point that this 7th trumpet of new moons was as the 7th new moon of the year, like the feast of weeks (sevens) Pentecost is the 7th weekly sabbath after the sheaf is cut for passover. Why did God make the 7 sabbaths of weeks more special, because it was a sabbath of sabbaths.

So the distinction of trumpets is not a singling out of this one new moon just this once as a sabbath, but it is a sabbath of sabbaths or a new moon of new moons, with special emphasis on the whole month, just as the 10th day, atonement is the only “feast” of fasting, and sabbath out of the weekly 7th day or new moon cycle, in that it is the 10th day it is only equaled to the selection of the passover lamb, which is not sabbatical on the 10th day of the first moon, on both days a sanctity is added, one is a rest of rests, perhaps because it is the 7th tenth day in the year which completes the passover lamb selection as the 1st 10th of the “week”, and making a completion or fulfillment as can also be seen in the heavenly lights.

So if we are using the 1st and 7th month as examples of the sabbath cycle the new moon and the sabbaths are consistently the connecting factor to Genesis 1.

Only by using the lunar cycle in conjunction with the 4th commandment are we able to see the value of the new moon as not only a transition from month to new moonth but as a part of the sabbath it self as a completion of fulfillment of time, and thus in effect a sabbath of the month as it’s end, and as the night which follows the evening after the weekly sabbath, as still a time of rest but one of refreshment, the first day of the moonth as new moon, is likewise a rest but a new beginning in keeping the sabbath regulated.

Functionally using the new moon.

In order to create this formula we must combine Gen1 with gen 2 or the 4th commandment with the 4th creation day, using the 6days thou shalt work as a way to interpret the natural word of God seen in the heavens.

As Ex31 has told us that the sabbath is a sign and gen 1:14 says that time signs are in the heavens, the sabbath being a sign, season and day has a light pattern, we can see in the moon, as Sirach and David has well said.

Then we must only observe the sabbath cycle to know how to handle the new moon, rather than handle the new moon which can not be seen to handle the sabbath. In this way Gen 2 shows us that the first sabbath available for man based on God’s light time is the first sabbath after the rosh, or new moon, which occurred before the first working day of God. Then Adam man had reckoned time from seen lunar signs, not from the first crescent. Thus if we as Adam were to start looking at the weeks from the half moon as the first sabbath sign, we would then have the following as a full moon, and the next week as a last quarter / half moon. This is the week before the new moon sign.

On that last week…

consider David and Johnathan how they new the new moon had a 2 day observation, they did not wait to see the crescent to make plans, how did they now with out NASA?

They could use the 7th day portion of the formula as as a gauge to know the next moon by using a prior sign to gauge it. That for instance that last sabbath moon would have been….

this aligns the new moon and sabbath, keeping man working still only 6days according to the commandment, but the sabbath or 7th day is waiting to be completed or fulfilled according to the words meaning.

The law recognized the new moon as part of the sabbath in the show bread alter from the beginning, calling the day of setting out of the show bread both a sabbath and a new moon

and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel. So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shew-bread, that was taken from before YHWH, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

(1Sa 21:4-6 KJV)

When seeing that that the men had kept themselves from women for three days, we know from the previous chapter that it was on account of the New moons and the Sabbath. How do we know the sabbath was assuredly connected with the new moon at this time and represents the point I am wishing to make?

And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month (And it came to pass in the first month, in the second year after their going forth out of Egypt, the new moon40:17 Brenton)…Moses reared up the tabernacle…And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail. And he set the bread in order upon it before YHWH; as YHWH had commanded Moses... (Exo 40:17-24)

Connecting the resent above verse which is indicative of the new moon, being the first day of the month, with Lev 24:5-9: And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof… And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before YHWH. And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto YHWH. Every sabbath he shall set it in order before YHWH continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant…

List of new moon sabbath verses read to end

2 Kings 4:23;

1 Chronicles 23:31;

2 Chronicles 2:4; 8:13; 31:3;

Nehemiah 10:33;

Isaiah 1:13; 66:23;

Ezekiel 45:17; 46:1,3;

Hosea 2:11;

Amos 8:5;

Colossians 2:16;

Judith 8:6;

1 Maccabees 10:34;

In trying to understand the connection between the moon and the sabbath we must see that the root words for the word sabbath and seven / sabyoy are in the understanding of

These are the Strong’s numbers for the word שׁבת SaBaTh

(Here is an example of a composite definition, in so much as all the listed words are in essence the same in meaning, having no difference in the ancient texts): H7674, H7675, H7676: H7673 שׁבת saw-bath’ A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; properly session, Infinitive of H3427 (ישׁב ya-shab-To sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry: – (make to) abide (-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-ing), ease self, endure, establish) ,rest, interruption, cessation: – cease, sit still, loss of time…

Notice that the general meaning is to “stop where you are” or “settle down”.

Said above is that ya-shab is the infinitive, that is the action of the verb, and thus S(h)aB being the root, and common parent word of both sab(b)ath and Ya-shab: This then leads us to: שׂבעS(h)aBA / S(h)aBO being numbered : H7646, H7647, H7648, H7649 / H7650, H7651 / H7620 , H7637.

The first four numbers are understood to mean: being full, filled or satisfied: full of year or days, satisfied with bread, etc…

The meaning above as the parent word should make perfect sense in the composite understanding, that is when one”settles down”, as when he is “full of year or days” as in when one is older, as well as when he is full in the sense of being satisfied in life.

 

Relating to our topic: The seventh day or rather the last / fulfillment of a week: H7620 –שׁבוּע / שׁבעS(h)aBWA/ S(h)aBA – Properly passive participle of H7650 as a denominative of H7651; literally sevened, that is, a week (specifically of years): – seven, week.

The word S(h)aBoWA listed above is used in many different contexts, most dealing with what we call in English ‘weeks’, yet the biblical Hebrew understanding of a S(h)aBWA is not that which a week represents in the ‘calendar’ system of the modern world: a seven day count. Rather it is a fullness or completion of a portion of time, and as so it represents a very important point of this compilation, that is that the Sabbath is an oath God has sworn. The number H7637 – שׁבעי / שׁביעי – S(h)aBYAY / S(h)aBAY –Ordinal from H7657; seventh. This word which is closely related to it’s partner S(h)aBWA in the above word groups.שׁביעי is the very word used in Gen 2:2-3 as well as in vertually every place the words “seventh day/ month/ year” occur, the word is used and rendered “swore / swear”, mentioned above, Gen 50:5, Ex 13:19 are a couple easy to see examples of the many times it is thus rendered so.

 

SABBATH LOGIC – What is Time ? pt.2 (Update)

Sabbath Logic

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What is Time 2

 

Yes, our world view is a collection of cultured organisms which make up the environment we have come to call ‘our culture’, and for this cause much of what is to be pulled out of the ancient biblical culture via the bible’s laws, manners, customs, and language will seem foreign to us through our modern world view.

Most except a named day of the RC week (Sunday/Saturday or any other) in order to rest in a sabbatical sense there upon; choosing a day we are culturally accustomed to, using a system we are raised in is easy, switching Sunday with Saturday or visa versa (or any RC named day for that mater) gives the effort but is biblicly and/or naturally unprovable, having no way to show by any sign or token that it is the Seventh day / Sabbath of Biblical culture, sanctified by God . Rather those who hold such days insisting upon there sanctification offer an objection attainable to even an amateur history student or bible investigator.

Consider the cultural world view of the ‘Seventh day Adventist’, some quotes from E.G. White in her work “America In Prophecy” or “The Great Controversy”, in the chapter “Liberty of conscience threatened” par. 42:

…The boast of Gregory the VII and Innocent III are still the principles of the Roman Church…

“HIS CHALLENGE”

“Reason and sense demand the acceptance of one or the other of these alternatives; either Protestantism and the keeping holy of Saturday or Catholicity and the keeping holy of Sunday. Compromise is impossible.” – The Catholic Mirror Dec 23 1893…

“HIS MARK”

QUESTION-‘How prove you that the Church hath power to ordain feasts and holy days?”

ANSWER- By the very act of changing the sabbath in to Sunday, which the Protestants allow of, and therefor they fondly contradict them selves by keeping Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same church.”

QUESTION-“How prove you that?”

ANSWER- “Because by keeping SUNDAY they ACKNOWLEDGE THE CHURCHES POWER to ordain feasts, and to command them under sin.” Douay Catechism, page 59.

E.G White makes good sense in quoting the above Catholic materials including a Catechism in order to show to her readers the logic in the Seventh day Adventist church in keeping a day called Saturday as the modern Jews do. Yet the likewise obviouslogic is failing by the same notion in not advancing the fact that the names of Saturday or Sunday in a repatitious seven day cycle are not determiners of the sanctified biblical Sabbath. Nor is a determiner of the sanctified biblical Sabbath what common day of the Roman Catholic week the Talmudic Jew keeps holy. It is thereby the same logic that should slate any part of the ‘calendar’ of Julius Caesar via Pope Gregory VIII as Pagan-Roman and Jewish-Catholic, and not fit to be used by the Biblical based Christian. The adherence to that ‘calendar’ system thus created and it’s weeks are proof of the power which controls the churches and business of the world (calendarium having come to be the Roman word for an account book or debt record), which are one in the same, easily seen in the 501-C3 tax exempt Churches, falling into Government control via debt records. Yet if you are a servant of YHWH God via the Blood of His Son, I recomend you attempt to give an account on His calendar!

In short, as proof exists in the fact that the day called Sunday was ordained the sabbath, as all other church feasts, by the Catholic church, so all named days of the Gregorian week and their very order, from Sunday to Saturday, have been ordained by another law and earthly ruler and not by YHWH God through the scriptures. The Catholic Church has the power of ordering the ‘sabbath’ of catholicity in as much as Catholicity has made the very ‘calendar’ system of which Saturday and Sunday are part of.

So it is in rebuttal to the above quote from the The Catholic Mirror Dec 23 1893 that I say: Yes, compromise is impossible, and let the scriptures accompanied by reason and sence lead us out of this Catholic box. Saturday’s being the ‘seventh day’, is only evident by counting days on the Pope’s Talmudic faith based ‘calendar’ weeks, yet having NO biblical or intrinsic proof of its own, I thus shall then keep protesting!

Ye Saturday Adventists may likewise ask your self as I do:

QUESTION- By what authority does the catholic church, and your beast of Revelations have to control what day of the week is the seventh?

ANSWER- ” They have NO power as time is to be determined by the lights of heaven as per Genesis 1. For by keeping SATURDAY you yet ACKNOWLEDGE THE CHURCHES POWER to ordain DAYS, and WEEKS (Dan 7:25change times and laws). in ignorance of Gen 1.”

1. Gen 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

All days in the creation account are listed as starting with evening and proceeding to morning. (this is not the main subject of this matter, however it is functional to determine time based entirely out of our evidence text, as well as an enduring way to witness for our selves in our modern time, as this compilation proceeds it must become evident why the prescription starts all numbered days at evening, and should be a perfect way to start the day / yom.

Here is a list of scripture verses to cross reference this thought, as proof from other biblical testimony that evening is the ending and beginning point of the biblical cultures day:

Gen. 1:5,8,13,19,23,31; 8:11; 19:1,24:11; 29:23; 30:16; Exo. 12:6, 18; 16:6,8,12,13, 29:39,41, 30:8; Lev. 11:24,25,27,28,31,32,39, 40: 14:46; 15:5,6,7,8,10,11,16,17,18,19,21,22,23,27; 17:15,22:7, 23:5,32; Num. 9:3,5,11,15, 19:7,8,10,19, 28:4,8, 19:7,8,10; Deu. 3:11, 16:4,6; Jos. 5:10, 10:27; Jdg 19:16; 2Ch. 18:34; Eze. 12:4,7, 24:18. And more!

All of the verses above show some thing ends and a new occur at this time called evening or even (old English: eve, lets look at it a little closer:

The Hebrew word is ערב– orb / arab, all of the below Strong’s numbers and definitions are the same ancient Hebrew word ” ערב “: From H6150; dusk: even (-ing, tide), night. H6150- (rather identical with H6148 through the idea of covering with a texture); to grow dusky at sundown: – be darkened, (toward) evening. H6148- to braid, that is, intermix; technically to traffic (as if by barter); also to give or be security (as a kind of exchange): – engage, (inter-) meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be (-come, put in) surety, undertake. H6151-(Chaldea); corresponding to H6148; to commingle: – mingle (self), mix. H6154-The second form used in 1Ki_10:15 with the article prefixed); from H6148; the web (or transverse threads of cloth); also a mixture, (or mongrel race): – Arabia, mingled people, mixed (multitude), woof.

Notice how every definition of ‘arab’ deals with becoming dusky, dark or mixing, the mention of the Arabian people as a mongrel race fits the context precisely, as they are light mixed with dark peoples. This is no chance, evening is when the day light mixes with the darkness of night, the period when time rulership of the sun transfers it’s rule to the lesser lights. This will be explained below by the scriptures further on.

2.Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to:

A. divide(H914 –בּדל– bâdal-to divide (in various senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select,etc.): – (make, put) difference, divide, separate (self, -ation), sever (out). between (H996 בּין– bêyn, In the same sense as in Gen 13:3…between Bethel and Hai. As well as in Gen 13:8…Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee…for we be brethren.) the day from the night. This special attention to the words badal and beyn in this context is caused for full understanding that as it was used in the other sited verses above it is used the same way in Gen 1:1-2. The governance of these lights are preeminent in day and night and it is by them that division is made between one day to the next, rather than just the simplicity of the sun setting behind your local horizon.

B. and let them be for signs(H226- אותowthrelated to H225/H853[- אתayth- Apparently contracted from H226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely): – (As such unrepresented in English / with the exception of the word “that”.] (in the sense of appearing); a signal, as a ensign, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.: – mark, miracle, (en-) sign, token.)

All the examples are usages of the Hebrew word owth: Cain’s mark –Gen 4:15, the rainbow as a token of the covenant to Noah’s children –Gen 9:13, Circumcision as a token of YHWH’s Covenant with Abraham –Gen -17:11, or a miracle signs in Egypt or the wilderness –Exo 4:8– An owth any where in the scripture is a thing that is able to be sensed by the human senses, most often seen, this fact is of much importance to our subject, as not only is the word owth strikingly similar to our English oath, as in to give by swearing or affirming. I have Also intentionally added to the evidence the word ayth, the reason being that it’s function is to point out the object in reference, just as the word owth, is a sign or signal to point out or token a thing.

C. and for seasons (H4150- מועדה מעד מועדmo-ade- From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): – appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, (set) time (appointed). This Very important word shall be dealt with in detail below.

D. and for days H3117- יום– yôm-From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially): – age, day, days …(process of) time,

 

E. and years ( H8141- שׁנה– shânâh- from H8138 (to fold, that is, duplicate (literally or figuratively; by implication to transmute (transitively or intransitively): – do (speak, strike) again, alter, double;) a year (as a revolution of time).

Gen 1:15

F. And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth:

and it was so.

Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. (To him that made great lights:.. The sun to rule by day:.. The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy endureth for ever. (Psa 136:7-9)- If the context is some how difficult to understand in Genesis, let David explain so that there is no question what the greater and lesser lights are. We may day after day look to the heavens, even with out David’s psalm, life and common sense bears witness to the fact of what lights are greater and lesser.)

Gen 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

Gen 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

Gen 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

The law listed above was set forth by YHWH to guide a able minded people through the ages, using the only true reference points we have to gauge time. It must be understood that most western calendars at this time measure nothing, but are generalized averages of time, divided as human dictates felt fit and ignored until an agricultural impact makes their failure self evident. Above, God teaches His creation and children to use the lights in heaven in order to keep track of true: signs , seasons, days and years.

I will now tie up this very simple reasons why we are in need of knowing the above defined information as it pertains to our understanding the Sabbath/seventh day of scripture. In so much as the Sabbath is a portion of time, it must therefore be defined as time is know in the scriptures. YHWH God would not set forth the laws governing time by the lights of heaven contained in Gen 1:5-15 and then ignore those organic laws of creation in order to establish another system solely devoted to a “sabbath day” styled system of weeks believed to be found in focusing solely on Gen 2:1-3; nay, but Almighty God’s order is laid out for us plainly and logically, so simple that children should see it and be able to follow the fourth commandment which is naturally related in order to the first laws on time keeping.

It is here then that focus is on what the lights tells us as it pertains to the Gen 2 account of sabbath.

As the sabbath is the seventh day (Yom) it is governed by all three lights in the heavens: Sun, Moon, and Stars (For His mercy endureth forever!) as scripture teaches us. I have matched the letters to the above for ease of referencing the additional points noted on language and logic.

Starting at:

B. The lights are for signs (owth), that is conveying or communication by the lights seen as to an event. The lights will be witness to us of the time it is.

In the scripture does the sabbath fit this? Is the sabbath / seventh day and owth?

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign ( owth- אותH226)1. between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am YHWH that doth sanctify you. Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to YHWH: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign ( owth אותH226) between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six daysYHWH made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed… (Exo 31:12-18)

Accordingly the Sabbath is a sign / owth, which as proven by multiple examples, is a thing able to be sensed by the human senses: Cain’s mark, the rainbow, circumcision, or miraculous signs, they are seen to witness a covenant that God will do as he has said; just as the Sabbath witnesses the seventh day rest after creation, that ye may know that I am YHWH that doth sanctify you. The Sabbath is both a covenant and the sign of it, just as circumcision is both an action done as well as a covenant made in the flesh, felt and able to be seen. Consider the language of this excerpt from Gen 17:2-14:

And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly… behold, my covenant is with thee… And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee… And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations. This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token / sign( owth אותH226) of the covenant betwixt me and you. And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed…

This comparison is a clear cut issue of how covanental signs / tokens (owth(s) work, the statements are close to identicle in order; the Sabbath is no diferent, in that it is: a Sign (owth) between YHWH and His people, a(n) everlasting / perpetual covenant, and a capital offence for wilful neglect.

The Sabbath is a sign, a thing that is seen, in that it is a measure of time, it is witnessed by the lights in the heavens.

C. The lights are for seasons (H4150- מועדmo-adproperly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season).

Is the sabbath a season?

In our modern vernacular the word season has lost it’s King James Version meaning, yet even in 1828 the Strong’s definition for moad would fit perfectly well in an English definition for season, Webster’s 1828 puts it thus:

SE’ASON. n. se’zn. Season literally signifies that which comes or arrives; and in this general sense, is synonymous with time. Hence,

1. A fit or suitable time; the convenient time; the usual or appointed time; as, the messenger arrived in season; in good season. This fruit is out of season.

2. Any time, as distinguished from others.

It would be general logic to say that the Sabbath or seventh day is an appointed time, that is distinguished from other time. But does the scripture offer any answers for how the lights of the heavens are used for seasons / moad(im)? Or that the Sabbath is indeed a moad?

Lev 23:1-4 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, (2) Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts (moadiH4150) of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts (moadiH4150). (3) Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. (4) These are the feasts (moadiH4150) of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons (moadimH4150).

The word season(s) would have seemingly been a less confusing option for the translators to choose every time they translated a grammatical variant of moad, yet I speak from a 21 century perspective. Nevertheless, notice how FOUR time a grammatical variation of the word moad is used, four times. The word is best rendered season / seasons that is an appointed time governed by the Heavens, and as time is concerned accompanied by a(n) owth sign / token / witness in the light(s) of the heavens.

In the ancient world, man made calendar systems did not prevail, today the paper one on the wall only has the similitude of accurate time keeping, missing some very essential parts, as those of which we speak of now from Gen 1:14-15. In the scriptural world, all appointed times, appointed by God or man were set according to the natural, God given ‘calendar’ system of sun, moon and stars. All time keeping in the scriptures is based upon the kingdom (government) of Heaven through it’s lights, the Sabbath with other appointed “feasts” or seasons of YHWH are with out exception.

Consider this translation from the 1898 Young’s Literal Translation:

Lev 23:2-4 `Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, Appointed seasons of Jehovah, which ye proclaim, holy convocations, are these: they are My appointed seasons: (3) six days is work done, and in the seventh day is a sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; ye do no work; it is a sabbath to Jehovah in all your dwellings. (4) `These are appointed seasons of Jehovah, holy convocations, which ye proclaim in their appointed seasons:

The Young’s literal translation above is most accurate on this subject, leaving the reader with little doubt that all mentioned moad-(i)-(im) are “appointed seasons”, the Sabbath being the first is included with no exception, and all are( JeHoVaH) God’s very own appointed times, those which he has declared and then after commanded Israel to proclaim. It is here that a strong persuasion must, at the very least, be examined and considered, that is that the Sabbath / holy convocations, days of no servile work, as they which are the head and tail of the appointed seasons “feasts”, which are contained from the 15th day to the 22nd day of the first and seventh biblical month are, none other than the Sabbaths mentioned in Lev 23:3, thus keeping the weekly seventh day and the Sabbaths of the festivals as one in the same.

If there is any validity in the afore mentioned, that the “festival” sabbaths and the weekly seventh day / Sabbath are part of the Gen 1:14 system of heavenly time keeping, then it must be testified to by the word of God and told:

What light(s) are appointed by YHWH God for seasons?

Psa 104:19 He (YHWH) appointed (H6213-עשׂהaw-saw- to do or make) the moon for seasons (H4150- moad-im): the sun knoweth his going down.

Here the psalmist sings of the works and doings of YHWH, among those wonders are the moon’s appointing of seasons / moadim and the sun’s going down / ‘door’ (entrance / exit). It is here that the Word of God specificly mentions the moon being made / created / “appointed” for moad-im / seasons; according to the psalmist the moon was made for the very purpose of ‘moadim’ (seasons). The moon is thus a crucial and essential part of Leviticus 23 and Genesis 1:14-15’s appointed seasons; while the lights (plural) are all for time keeping or seasons, the moon has a special place in it’s creation or making, that it was made to show God’s very own appointed seasons / moad-im.

The apcryphal book of the Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirach or Ecclesiasticus 43:6-10 presents an ancient perspective of a post captivity Israelite, having his text in the LXX Greek we have the ability to also understand this perspective. While some may not respect the books labeled apocrypha as canon, they must be at least regarded as presenting an ancient perspective; Jesus son of Sirach put it thus as pertaining to the heavenly function:

6 He made the moon also to serve (appear) in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world. 7 From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light that decreaseth in her perfection. 8 The month (Chodesh) is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing (Hebrew word for month: Chodesh-H2320-חדשׁ-From H2318-to be new; causatively to rebuild; the new moon) (9?)being an instrument of the armies (Camp pitched) above, shining in the firmament of heaven; 9 The beauty of heaven, the glory of the stars, an ornament, giving light to the highest places of the Lord 10 At the commandment of the holy one they will stand in their order, and never faint in their watches.

From the wisdom of Sirach, we see not only the clock work or the moon but that of the stars with it in the back drop. The moon traveling through the stars in the firmament of Heaven is seen as a camp or army pitched on high standing watch. The moon and stars work together in Jesus son of Sirach’s mind, yet the moon is no doubt the the “sign (G4592) of the feasts (G1859), among those “feasts” of the post captivity Israelites was the weekly Sabbath / seventh day as the Law in Lev 23 has commanded In the LXX Greek text of Sirach the same words are used as in Lev 23 and Exo 31:13-17. As the moon makes declaration of time, it must therefore be a declaration of the week and thus of the Sabbath.

( NOT IN BOOKLET, added for synopsis clarity, I HOPE!

On account of the Biblical, heavenly and natural evidence the fact of the determination is yet to be had on what day the sabbath would indefinitely be?, or in these matters it is better to be said, most likely be ? Above it is outlined by scriptural evidence that the sabbath is indeed a:

Sign = owth – אות H226: Exo 31:13-17

Season = mo-ad מועדH4150 :Lev 23:2-3

Day = yomיוםH3117: Gen 2:2 -3, et al

and even a Year, however this is not the subject matter particularly, Lev 25:8

Then right division must be had in order to determine the exact times of the sabbaths, to fit into the proper division of days in our specific locality as determined from evening to morning and evening again. Remembering the first principles of time division into Days / Yom (s) is important as the first aspect of the lights are inculcated into the formula. There are two “types of days / Yom(s), 1. is the holistic (so called 24hr) Day, this is Yom, as well 2. is the light period of Day as Gen 1:5 showes both. Seen in the operation of the lights of heaven in the aboved outlined points 2. A and 2. D, both types of Day are present, while Gen 1:5 has the functionary nature of the lights built in the function itself, either,always was or was given to the lights in Gen 1:14 to pick up where time was at that very time. Thus evening and morning are the ordained order of heavenly time as a division of day from night and from day to day with in our own locality in the scope of the above heavens.

Psalms 104:19-23 tells that:

(19) He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

(20) Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.

(21) The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.

(22) The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.

(23) Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.

The season in vrs 19 is the same moad and the evening is the same arab, the life of beast and man are affected by the moad-im, that is the plural form of moad or moad-i which is more the personal form of moad, as used in Lev 23:2 and to be proclaimed, yet the evening tide of the moon’s seasons are appointed by YHWH for all of the world. It is no doubt that a collective civil body, Church, must establish moad-i for the local congration’s worship, yet it must be established upon the moon’s seasons, as the “phases” of the moon are spaced at a 7 day interval is can be seen that the moon’s plural moad-im of Ps 104:19 is the moad-i of Lev 23:2 ‘s personal season of YHWH proclaimed by the children of Israel.

If the lights in the heaven are for seasons (Gen 1:14-18) and seasons are appointed by the moon (Ps 104:19) and are the seasons are sabbaths (Lev 23), the covenantal sabbath sign as described in Exodus 31:13-17, are the literal signs of the moon’s seasons to be proclaimed by local congregations who share in the same evening to evening assembly.

How to use the moon’s sign and seasons.

Functionally, as the wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach, teaches the moon it self was to serve in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world. From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light that decreaseth in her perfection. The month is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing… Above it was mentioned that the Hebrew word Chodesh is the word being refereed to here as it references both the function of the moon’s rebuilding or renewal and the moonth it self. It is therefore able to be understood the sign of the “feasts” is the Exo 31 sabbath sign and the sabbath sign is derived from the moon via it’s Chodesh, or renewal.

Back to booklet excerpt.)

Observing the Sabbath day

…Exodus 31, tells us that the Sabbath is a sign, Genesis 1 tells us that the lights are for signs, this would tell us that the sabbath is a sign in the lights to cause distinction on that day. Some feel that the moon is a “beacon”, that it will give the sign to tell us of the following day to come, which to them is the sabbath. My objection is that, the sabbath is the sign or beacon, as per Ex 31. The moon is for signs, the sign is the sabbath- Just as any other covenant, as mentioned above. But what about when all the phases line up but the last? There is a special reason for the last quarter / last half to some times be off set from the seventh day, that reason is to indicate the length of the month at hand. Some months having 29 days some 30, the only way to know this is by using the Ex 20/ fourth commandment formula. Upon your next month: Follow the seventh day count after the new moon, sighting : first half at solar noon and full as evening , then last half at true midnight until solar noon when sighting on the seventh day- if that night watch of the moon presents a close to perfect half from moon rise to solar noon or a concaved like moon, that is less than half, the month is 29 days in length, giving that following moonth 1 new moon day light period. If however, the sighting on that third weekly Sabbath is a ‘pregnant’ half, that is beyond a half, the moon is in need of more time to become aligned, and is indicating to you a 30 day month, telling you that you will literally have a 2 day new moon day light period, one at the end of the moonth and another at the beginning as the 1st day of the following moonth.

An example of a 30 day month with 2 days of new moon is given in 1Sa 20:27, where David’s seat is empty for a new moon feast, not just one but two days, John Gill’s exposition of the bible says this:1 Samuel 20:27

And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month,…. The Targum is,”and it was on the day after it, which was the intercalation of the second month;”when the beginning of the month was judged of by the appearance of the moon, and there was a difficulty about that, what day it appeared on, two days were kept for it; and Abarbinel (e) is clear for it, that two days were kept in this month…

It is known to many peoples of the world who still use the moon as a keeper of the month, that this formula, using the number seven woven in to the lunar cycle tells the enumeration of days in the month at hand, would not David and Johnathan have known this when David said unto Jonathan, “Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even. Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself…(1 Samuel 20:5-19)

Numbering from the day they spoke, being the sabbath day of the 29th, the friends knew their were to be a 2 day new moon scheduled for that month.

Furthermore, to add to this evidence is the very words and alignment of the following chapter of 1 Samuel when David directly after goes to Abiathar the Priest in asking for bread: And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women. And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel. So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before YHWH, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

(1Sa 21:4-6 KJV)

When seeing that the men had kept themselves from women for three days, we know from the previous chapter that it was on account of the New moons and the Sabbath. How do we know the sabbath was assuredly connected with the new moon at this time and represents the point I am wishing to make?

And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month (And it came to pass in the first month, in the second year after their going forth out of Egypt, the new moon40:17 Brenton)…Moses reared up the tabernacle…And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail. And he set the bread in order upon it before YHWH; as YHWH had commanded Moses... (Exo 40:17-24)

Connecting the resent above verse which is indicative of the new moon, being the first day of the month, with Lev 24:5-9: And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof… And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before YHWH. And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto YHWH. Every sabbath he shall set it in order before YHWH continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant…

Not only do the facts show that the first day of the month/new moon is the day of setting the table of shewbread in order before YHWH, but they likewise make known that this event was commanded to be done every Sabbath; therefore the new moon must be part of the Sabbath ordained by God and known to Israel.

In ending this work I wish to lastly make this point before ending off, due to the information contained in the language, it must not be forgotten that the Sabbath as dictated by the Heavens is a lunar event, it is not just a day or a repetitious count of days, it is a literal happening which signifies that a seventh of time has passed, for example I would encourage you to read the Greek LXX and the New Testament Greek scriptures to see the language used in speaking of what was translated a “week”, I will give a few examples:

LXX-Septuagint

English from Greek Texts +Strong’s Numbers

Psa_24:1 A Psalm for David on the first day of the week. (Brenton LXX)

Psa_24:0 A psalm to David of the oneG1520 of theG3588 Sabbaths.G4521 (ABP+)

 

Psa_48:1 A Psalm of praise for the sons of Core on the second day of the week. (Brenton LXX)

Psa_48:0 A psalm; an ode to the sons of Korah; secondG1208 Sabbath.G4521 (ABP+)

 

Psa_94:1 A Psalm of David for the fourth day of the week. (Brenton LXX)

Psa_94:0 A psalm to David; fourthG5076.1 of Sabbath.G4521 (ABP+)

New Testament

English from Greek Texts +Strong’s Numbers

Mat 28:1 In the end(G3796) of the sabbath,G4521 as it began to dawnG2020 towardG1519 the firstG3391 day of the week,G4521… (KJV)

And lateG3796 G1161 on Sabbath,G4521 in the evening on day oneG1520 of Sabbath,G4521 came…(ABP+)

οψεG3796 δεG1161 NOW LATE σαββατωνG4521 τηG3588 ON SABBATH, επιφωσκουσηG2020 [G5723] AS IT WAS GETTING DUSK ειςG1519 TOWARD “THE” μιανG3391 FIRST “DAY” σαββατωνG4521 OF “THE” WEEK… (IGNT+)

Act 20:7 And upon the firstG3391 day of theG3588 week,G4521… (KJV)

And on day oneG1520 of theG3588 Sabbaths,G4521 … (ABP+)

εν δε τη μιαG3391 FIRST “DAY” τωνG3588 OF THE σαββατωνG4521 WEEK… (IGNT+)

1Co_16:2 Upon the firstG2596 G3391 day of the weekG4521… (KJV)

According to oneG1520 of the SabbathsG4521 …(ABP+)

κατα μιανG3391 EVERY FIRST “DAY” σαββατωνG4521 OF THE WEEK… (IGNT+)

All of the above verses of Holy Writ are using the word Sabbath (Lit. Greek: Sabaton), in the sense of the word week, yet the ancient cultural mindset is ignored by many. For instance, read any one of the above Greek Scriptures, from LXX or NT text and you will see a number such as: one, two or four followed by “of Sabbath”; in the Brenton, Interlinear Greek New Testament and KJV the translators kept with keeping the concept of a week, as in the “first, second or fourth (day) not in Greek Text) of the week”, making the Hebrew-Greek word “sabaton” equivalent to the English word week, which has been shown above in the Hebrew to be true, yet in keeping with the Biblical Hebrew concept that the word Sabbath, shabwa, and shaba are all grammatic variants meaning rest, fulfill, settle, oath, swear, seven and week, the above Greek makes logical sense that both the Brenton translation and the Apostles Bible translation accuratly display that the week is made of sevenths, and sevenths are fulfilled by Sabbath days. The Greek translations of the original Hebrew have presented a fractional way to explain the Israelite Sabbath. For when using the moon as a time keeper as explained previously, the moon presents it’s signs in sevenths: thus it is that the first, second and fourth (day) of sabbath mentioned are simply referring to the moon’s light as a fractional ‘pie chart’, showing the one of seven = 1/7 = first day of the week; two of seven = 2/7 = second day of the week or four of seven = 4/7 = fourth day of the week, the sighting is as seen in the heavens by the Sabbath observer.

I have placed this information on the Greek scriptures at this point to tie in the new moon’s relevance to having a Gen 1:14 Sabbath, working in harmony with with Exodus 20’s fourth commandment. The Greek abstract language is used in a perfectly harmonious way to explain a very organic system, based on facts and evidence.

Some have insisted that the Greek words literally translated “First of the Sabbath”, validate a “Sunday” sabbath, or a first day of the week sabbath, yet a sabbath by definition is the fulfillment of the one through six working days, the completed, settled, ceased, Sabbath(ed) days. The Pagan named day of Sunday can never be the biblical Sabbath hallowed and commanded by the Father of our Lord Jesu(s) Christ; remember that all modern “week days” are just names, identifying and measuring nothing intrinsic, save a repeating count on a Roman Catholic calendar. While the Greek verses above are no doubt referring to “the first day of the week”, the week in reference is that of the Sabbath (as the Greek states) and not the week of Pagan Rome adopted by the RC popes.

While many Bible students such as my self have thought (and do unfortunately think yet) though the Pagan Roman Catholic culture- which ignores the relevance of the new moon as mentioned in scripture. For our culture sees Exodus 20:8-11 / the fourth commandment, that a ‘week’ must be made of 7 days of 24 hours, the and only the 7th 24 hour day is the sabbath. Interesting enough in out Anglo-Saxon root word of our English word “Week”, is in the very bending of the moon, as was the focal point, and the meaning of the word; for at the end of the first week the moon was a straight half, at the full moon the bend was straightening again towards the last half and after the last half the bend was heading towards the bends or crescents of the new moon, last and first sliver; even the pagan yet natural minded Anglo-Saxons had an intrinsic week. Our culture has no place for a ‘week’ which corroborates perfectly with the ‘month’, which is (as it’s name says) based on the moon. Yet the new moon can be seen in Holy Writ some 20 times in the most commonly read King James version, while the Hebrew text from which the King James version is translated uses חדש – Chodesh, the word for new moon or month (as mentioned previously in the apcryphal book of the Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirach or Ecclesiasticus 43:8) some 280 times. The New moon and Sabbath are mentioned by God’s Word side by side in 2Ki. 4:23; Isa. 66:23; Eze. 46:1; Amos 8:5, Col 2:16. Not to mention Leviticus 23 which not only (as mentioned previously) goes out of the way to teach us that the Sabbath is a “feast” or better translated “appointed season”, that is a heavenly event as per Gen 1:14-15, and signaled by the lights of heaven, but that it reaffirms the lunar parallel of the Sabbath by specifying the feast of trumpets to be a Sabbath New moon, the first day of the seventh moonth.

It is common that the new moon will be the stumbling block for any Nomian Christian reading this work, such stumbling blocks are generally one of two:

1. The new moon is not commanded to be a sabbath in the law.

Answer- The New moon is mentioned in the Law, specificly in Numbers 10:10, where YHWH commands the new moon to be among the days of our gladness to blow the trumpet and to call an assembly, Before the temple was destroyed a sacrifice of offerings were presented at this solemn assembly as was so on the Sabbath (Num 28:11-14 shows the priest’s part in this command). Further more, if the Sabbath is a heavenly lunar event, the new moon would definitely be among the Sabbath days, and thus be commanded by all Sabbatical law, especially Exodus 31 and Exodus 20.

2. The new moon based sabbath proposed breaks the 4th commandment by having it’s first or last week of 8 days depending on the new moon and NOT having a consistent 7 day week through out.

Answer- While this is true that all lunar months will have no less than 8 days to the first week of a month of 29 days and if the moonth has 30 days, the last week directly before the 8 day first week will have 8 days as well. Yet this does NOT break the commandment for the following: The days of Sabbath are NOT working days, and simply comply with all sabbtical law that states ” Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath…”, by this harmony is found as YHWH speaks in Ezekiel 46:1 (as mentioned previously), the Sabbath and new moon are NOT among the “six working days”. This is the simplest way to harmonize the Sabbath command with the Creation laws of Genesis 1:14 leading us directly to the new moon.

First Fruits of Brotherly Love and Truth

First Fruits of Brotherly Love and Truth

Audio Sabbath Message for the Feast of Penecost

2-30 (2017)

Sabbath Bible Study

   This Message was given for Contemplation on the New Moon of First Fruits to help our Congregation and Listeners remember the Importance of the 2 Greatest Commandments, both of which are offered in the Faith Based Keeping of the Feast of First Fruits or Pentecost. A Small lesson seen in the Apocryphal Book of Tobit could summarize a clear sighted approach on how WE Christian Israelites could keep this Feast of YHWH, by the lesson seen in how the Captive Israelite Tobit Kept the feast of Pentecost by Faith and with True National and personal Brotherly Love.
From Genesis 4 to Revelations 14 the importance of First Fruits is shown throughout the Scripture; at the base of this Importance is the Everlasting LAW of YHWH which shows the realistic and practical approach to keeping the feast as it is meant to be kept, not only Spiritually but Agriculturally as a REAL NATION, not as an absent minded church whose mind is ever in the clouds.
This message ties Brotherly love to the Feast of First Fruits and the impact of the Holy Spirit of Truth of John 16 sent on Pentecost with Genuine Repentance …. Making the True Focus of YHWH’s Faith, Love and Law available in one holistic Biblical Reality.

Study along with

(Click HERE for the related Text Study)

The Feast of Weeks: A Chodesh Meat offering of First Fruits and Pentecost

The First Fruits

New Moon Pentecost

and

A proposed comprehensive study into it’s ordering

and meanings

Compiled by JS Lowther

 

                                  The Brothers

The offering of the first fruits may be the first recorded festival of Scripture.

Let us Study….

Gen 4:2-5

…And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect.

Notice in the Hebrew the word: מבכרותH1062 of the firstlings

H1062-בּכרה בּכורה- bek-o-raw’

Feminine of H1060; the firstling of man or beast; abstractly primogeniture: – birthright, firstborn (-ling).

Gen 4:4 is the first mention of an assembly of two or more in worship of YHWH for the purpose of giving him an offering of the flock or of the ground. This offering was as we see, of the firstlings, as is commanded to Israel in Exodus 23:14-19 :

Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:) And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord YHWH…The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God…. H1061-בּכּוּר- bik-koor’: From H1069; the first fruits of the crop: – first fruit (-ripe [figuratively), hasty fruit.

The word for first fruit and firstling throughout the law is related closely, and used identically, from the same root

H1069- בּכר- baw-kar’: A primitive root; properly to burst the womb, that is, (causatively) bear or make early fruit (of woman or tree); also (as denominatively from H1061) to give the birthright: – make firstborn, be firstling, bring forth first child (new fruit).

This festival of the first fruits was being observed by Cain and Able just years after the Garden was lost to sin.

Interestingly enough: when the Genesis Calendar as spoken of in the Abib study, is used in literal observation with with the sun, moon and stars beside the harvests of the grain, the third New moon that is here to be proposed and supported falls at the time of the new moon in Gemini, that is when the sun and moon are in conjunction in the star group which has symbolized “the brothers”!

Why would YHWH have caused such an abominable event to be memorialized throughout all generations in the heavens?

Here is a justification and examination of the timing of first fruits also known as the count to Pentecost which harmonizes with the above proposition.

Follow the verses carefully and read the summerization, then you may wish to look again the pile of evidence being offered.

Deu 16:9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.

Deu 16:10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:

Exo 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field…when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field…When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:

Exo 34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year’s end.

Lev 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

Lev 23:12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.

Lev 23:13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.

Lev 23:14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

Lev 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

Lev_23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

Lev 23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.

Lev 23:18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.

Lev 23:19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

Lev 23:20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.

Lev 23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

Num 15:19 Then it shall be, that, when ye eat of the bread of the land, ye shall offer up an heave offering unto the LORD.

Num 15:20 Ye shall offer up a cake of the first of your dough for an heave offering: as ye do the heave offering of the threshingfloor, so shall ye heave it.

Num 15:21 Of the first of your dough ye shall give unto the LORD an heave offering in your generations.

The New moon offering compared to the first fruits offering.

Num 28:11 And in the beginningsH7218 of your monthsH2320 ye shall offerH7126 a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot;

Num_28:26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bringH7126 a newH2319 meat offering unto the , after YHWH your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:

Lev_23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventhH7637 sabbathH7676 shall ye numberH5608 fifty days; and ye shall offer a newH2319 meat offering unto the YHWH.

Num 28:12 And three tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one bullock; and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one ram;

Num 28:27 But ye shall offer the burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD; two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the first year;

Num 28:28 And their meat offering of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto one bullock, two tenth deals unto one ram,

Num 28:13 And a several tenth deal of flour mingled with oil for a meat offering unto one lamb; for a burnt offering of a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.

Num 28:14 And their drink offerings shall be half an hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part of an hin unto a ram, and a fourth part of an hin unto a lamb: this is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.

Num 28:15 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering unto the LORD shall be offered, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.

Num 28:29 A several tenth deal unto one lamb, throughout the seven lambs;

Num 28:30 And one kid of the goats, to make an atonement for you.

Num 28:31 Ye shall offer them beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, (they shall be unto you without blemish) and their drink offerings.

The idea of a new moon Pentecost or feast of weeks is proposed in the language of all of the laws on such, as Lev 23:16 and Num 28:26 both could easily read in the Hebrew “a new moon meat offering”. As well the numbering of seven sabbaths or fifty days was to commence:

Lev 23:15 …from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering…

and

Deu 16:9 …begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.

Herein is the logic: In order for an inhabitant of Israel to travel to Jerusalem, “from Dan to beer-Sheba” for the Passover feast he must harvest his first fruits sheaf of Abib barley on the morrow after the 8th day of the month Sabbath, so that this 9th day of the month would proceed the selection of the lamb as commanded in Ex 12:3 on the 10th day of the moonth. Thus the barley being in the green state would be in need of drying in order to offer it as the law demands on the day after the 15th day of the moonth which is the sabbath, the the commencement of the first day of the feast of unleavened bread. For the traveler or non-traveler, the sickle was to be put to the corn, and the lamb was to be selected on the 10th day. Thus the morrow after the sabbath on which the count starts is that of the 9th day of the moonth, making the wave sheaf day still the 16th day, and still as tradition has held, a morrow after the sabbath; thus the 16th day, the second day of the feast of unleavened bread is completing the first seventh or week in the count to Pentecost or the 50 days. There after the 16th day of the first moonth 6 more sabbaths are added bringing the day of Pentecost to fully come on the third new moon, also a morrow after the sabbath, but in this case also a sabbatic new moon, Which is by literal observation the lunar month when the sun is in the constellation of the brothers or Gemini, a striking reminder of that first offering.

The First Pentecost after Egypt

(Exodus 19-24)

Upon this count other evidence and spiritual mater is imputed.

Exo 19:1-3

(1) In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

(2) For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.

(3) And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;

Because of differences of opinion on the Hebrew meaning of Ex 19:1, I will refer to the APB translation of the Greek LXX as an aid in understanding the statement “the same day” Exo 19:1 APB LXX And in the third month of the exodus of the sons of Israel from the land Egypt, on this day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

In other words it was at the time hereto refereed, that is the third month, otherwise said in the Hebrew the third new moon. The Children of Israel were camped at the mountains of Sinai at that very day, the third new moon which God called on for Moses to ascend Horeb.

Here the Covenant was made with Israel:

Exo 19:5-8 KJV

(5) Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:

(6) And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

(7) And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.

(8) And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

Further more if the ascent of Moses was at the sabbath of the 29th day of the second month, and YHWH deliver the command for the people to receive the words of the ten commandments, then the giving of the word of YHWH would fall on the third day in the morning of the first day of the third month. On the other hand, if the command of sanctification came on the first day of the third month, then the words of the ten commandments would be given on the third day of the third month to the sanctified people.

In placing faith in the righteousness of Moses, it would be best assumed that the people would have settled into there new wilderness camp before the sabbath of the 29th day of the second month, and Moses would have ascended the mount on the day of the sabbath as he was pitched before it; yet the sanctified people ascended the mount with Moses by the sanctified in order to receive the words of the ten commandments, this being then on the day of the third new moon.

Don’t forget Moses and the sanctified elders and priests went up into the lower part of the mount while only Moses and Aaron came unto the higher part (Exo 19:24), Moses alone came near to YHWH (Exo 24).

As an interesting note and evidence for this case consider Exo 19:16-19 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of THE TRUMPET exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled… And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the TRUMPET sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

And the command as found in Numbers 10 concerning the blowing of the silver trumpets :

Num 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.

Sadly enough the whole story of this giving of the law starts with a willing yet fearful people, and ends with:

“The Provocation”

Exo 32:1-4

(1) And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

(2) And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.

(3) And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.

(4) And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

(7) And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:

(8) They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

(9) And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:

(10) Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

(26) Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD’S side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him.

(27) And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.

(28) And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.

(29) For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.

(30) And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.

(31) And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

(32) Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin–; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.

(33) And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.

(34) Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.

(35) And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

The people had quickly, after forty days forgot the impact the presents of YHWH had on them when he came to speak his word to them, the noise of the trumpet which was sounded on account of the new moon assembly and holy convocation was followed by the noise of war, which was none other than idol worship. As the LORD of the whole earth demanded a separation seen in those chilling words spoken by Moses: “…slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.” forty days after Pentecost, the new moon of Gemini was remembered.

The first New Covenant Pentecost

If started on that day before the lamb of God was selected, both as our symbolic first fruit and our Lamb. The beautiful bridge is made between the pre-Christian and post-Christian era, by following the count of the Acts 2 Pentecost. Below is synopsis of this count as taken from the books called The Gospels.

John 12

Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.

There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him….

On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord…

Mat 26:2 Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. …

Mat 26:32 But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.

Mat 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:

Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.

Joh 19:31-42 KJV

(31) The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

(32) Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.

(33) But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:

(34) But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

(35) And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.

(36) For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.

(37) And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

(38) And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.

(39) And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.

(40) Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

(41) Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid.

(42) There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews’ preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

Luk 24:1-53

(1) Now upon the first of the week (literaly- 1/7), very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

(2) And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.

(3) And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.

(4) And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments:

(5) And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead?

(6) He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee,

(7) Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.

(8) And they remembered his words,

(9) And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest.

(10) It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles.

(11) And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.

(12) Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

(13) And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.

(14) And they talked together of all these things which had happened.

(15) And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.

(16) But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

(17) And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?

(18) And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

(19) And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:

(20) And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

(21) But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

(22) Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;

(23) And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.

(24) And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

(25) Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:

(26) Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

(27) And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

(28) And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.

(29) But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.

(30) And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.

(31) And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.

(32) And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

(33) And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,

(34) Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.

(35) And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

(36) And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.

(37) But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.

(38) And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?

(39) Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.

(40) And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.

(41) And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?

(42) And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb.

(43) And he took it, and did eat before them.

(44) And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

(45) Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,

(46) And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:

(47) And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

(48) And ye are witnesses of these things.

(49) And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.

(50) And he led them out as far as to Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them.

(51) And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.

(52) And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:

(53) And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.

Act 1:1-5 (remember Luke and Acts are actually one volume)

… of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,

(2) Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen:

(3) To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being SEEN OF THEM FORTY DAYS, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:

(4) And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me.

(5) For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence….

Act 2:1

And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

Notice that in Acts 1:3 it tells us that Christ was seen for forty days. The question, while it is not of major importance is if the forty days here mentioned is counted from the time of Christ’s passion on the 14th day of the first moonth or at the time of the Resurrection on the 16th day of the same month?

In either case Christ was among his brethren for all of unleavened bread, as well as with them on the the second month passover and second feast of unleavened bread held from the 15th day of the second moonth, to the to the 22nd day of the second moonth, held for those who were in a journey or unclean of the dead as taught in Numbers 9.

So in starting with Christ’s passion on the day of passover

on the 14th to 22nd of the month is 9 days

+23rd to 29th is 7 days,
1 or 2 day for the new moon = 17 or 18 days;
from the 2nd to 8th is 7 days,
9th to 15th is 7 days,
16th to 22nd is 7 days = 21
+ 17 or 18 is 38 or 39 days,
On account of the forty days given for the time of Christ’s ascension to his Father’s right hand Christ left his disciples on the the morrow after the ending Sabbath of the second feast of unleavened bread meant for those who were originally unclean or in a journey, the 23rd day of the moonth. Christ was dead and his disciples buried him during the first passover.
Taking this 39 days and adding the first week of numbering from the sheaf on the 9th to the 13th day of the first moonth is 5 days,

bringing us to 44 days total and one more sabbath week from Christ’s ascension day on the 23rd of the second moonth, to the 29th of the second month sabbath brings us to the third new moon feast of Pentecost.

Now Let the Scripture unfold

Tying the sheaf’s offering to the Resurrection of Christ, and the resurrection to our baptism and newness of life, brings us back to the memorial in the heavens, and the Brothers.

1Jn 3:1-24

(1) Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

(2) Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

(3) And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

(4) Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.

(5) And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.

(6) Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him.

(7) Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous.

(8) He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.

(9) Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.

(10) In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.

(11) For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.

(12) Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.

(13) Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you.

(14) We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death.

(15) Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

(16) Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

(17) But whoso hath this world’s good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

(18) My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

(19) And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.

(20) For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.

(21) Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God.

(22) And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight.

(23) And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment.

(24) And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

1 John 3 is an awsome chapter of the Scriptural testimony, yet few care of it’s direct link to the memorial of the feast of First fruits or Pentecost.

For we Christian Israelites are brothers, born of God as his Children through that fateful resurrection day when at that very morning both the first fruits was offered at the altar and the victorious Son of God arose from death to offer his brothers a new and living way through his perfect life.

Rom 8:1-23

(1) There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

(2) For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

(3) For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

(4) That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

(5) For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.

(6) For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

(7) Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

(8) So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

(9) But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

(10) And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

(11) But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

(12) Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.

(13) For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

(14) For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

(15) For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

(16) The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

(17) And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.

(18) For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.

(19) For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.

(20) For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,

(21) Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.

(22) For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.

(23) And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.

Better Brothers

Heb 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

Heb 12:18-29

(18) For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

(19) And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:

(20) (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:

(21) And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

(22) But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

(23) To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,

(24) And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

(25) See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:

(26) Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.

(27) And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.

(28) Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:

(29) For our God is a consuming fire.

Do you now see the entangled and interspersed message which is from Able to Moses, from Moses to Christ our Lord, and from our Lord to us.

Yet it is not the numbering of this special time of the giving of the covenant and commandments and of the holy spirit as much as it is the resurrected life we now have in Christ which takes the Law of God and writes it on our heart and mind by the holy spirit, so that we may serve God as his first fruits, as living sacrifices holy and acceptable, ready to serve God and our brethren.

Christ’s perfect symbolism is seen in this all encompassing event, just as Christ’s resurrection upon the day of the very first waved sheaf of Abib barley is telling, so is the Pentecost offering of the first fruits of the wheat harvest.

Wheat being a main stay crop of the world especial of Europeans, YHWH shows the power of his foresight as he easily offers the willingness to forgive his people as seen here:

Lev 5:11-13 But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering…And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him…

In YHWH’s perfect system of Law even poor had right to harvest the remaining grain, thereby always making a way for forgiveness to those who are willing to work out there own salvation in any condition.

Lev 23:22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

Read for your self, how in context this verse directly follows another mentioning of Firstfruits or Pentecost. Christ’s grace and salvation which came to us as the true bread from heaven.

For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world…. I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not. All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.

For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. (John 6)

As well, this all encompassing teaching of Grace, Salvation, Mercy, and Love, is seen in the power of his resurrection, offered to us in our Baptism as represented by the Wheat harvest. Mat_3:12; Mat_13:25; Mat_13:29; Mat_13:30; Luk_3:17; Joh_12:24; Act_27:38;

1Co 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

Jas 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

Rev 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

Happy Pentecost all ye first fruits of his Son’s harvest!

Peace to the Israel of God

Sabbath Bible Study 1-1 (2017) New Year/New Moon Message: An understanding of Abib

New Year / New Moon

1-1

Sabbath Bible Study

An Understanding of the New Year and Abib

In this Message our Bible study will be focusing on the Month of Abib that we are celebrating on this new moon of this date. We will be focusing on the impact of an agricultural, Heavenly and Natural based calendar as Israel was commanded to keep, as to help those who are new to the Yearly Feast Calendar used by the individuals of our congregation and of this Ministry.

Please also see JS Lowther’s Abib Report which he personally preformed from 2016-2017 to show the Biblical Reality of the Month od ABIB. In this report Bro. Lowther personally grew Barley planting it before the Rabbinic day of atonement in 2015 and reported on it’s growth until April 25 2017, which was the Gregorian date for the last day of our Biblical Year.

A Simple Question about Passover and the month of ABIB

Can you have a New Barley or New Wheat Festival

with out

New Barley or New Wheat?

Consider the picture above…What can you see?

 

The picture shows the condition in which barley should be in at the time of the month of Abib, as Abib means “new ears” of Barley or “green ears of Barley”. The picture above was taken “May 7 2016” last year, this means that the Realistic month of Abib could not have happened in the Ohio River Valley the first new moon after the equinox…In reality that is, nor could many continental Europeans or Americans or Some dwellers of the promise land with in the boarders of ancient Israel. The Correct new moon after the equinox according to the Abib it self  would have been the 2nd, this will always be so, and will be so this year as well.

Q. Why does it mater to you so much Bro. Lowther? It’s really not that important! Do you think that keeping the exact time of Pass Over is that important?

A. The subject matters because it is one of Nation salvation, not of personal salvation. And YES! The exact understanding of how my people and Nation are to keep the feasts of their God YHWH is very important.

National Salvation found in National Feasts

Do you think America’s Puritan Forefathers Celebrated harvest festivals with out harvests or New grain festivals with out potential harvests to be thankful for?

The reason the feasts have been cast into a spiritual realm in Christian thinking and never brought back again is because most people have lost their connection to the land, and to how they eat. When one considers how much wheat goes into that one loaf of bread, or how much barley goes into that one beer, a reality check is bound to happen to the thoughtful.

The Feasts are important in Biblical Reality because they cause us to remember by the letter of the Law that YHWH God gives the daily bread. If you are a spiritual person and reflect upon the spiritual Reality of the Feasts of YHWH you will love growing and watching wheat and barley grow, you will also as I have come to understand why Israel should keep the feasts literally and in Reality, not just get together and take “communion” and hear some people speak about the bible, but actually live out the scripture as best you can. Read Exodus 12-13 and ask your self if you could better bring about a better Passover Celebration in Biblical Reality?

I am by no means saying every Israelite should be an Ag farmer, but I am saying that every Israelite should be thankful for the crops Ag farmers are producing by the hand of God, knowledgeable or not. If the Church would have not given up the ordained and inspired Feasts of YHWH and so in conjunction with Realistic Agricultural Thankfulness no Bible believing Christian would ignore the relevance of the True Agricultural impact of the Feasts and the God who causes them to occur. Rather non inspired Christo- pagan construct festivals such as  “Xmas and easter” now dominate churches with out a shred of biblical evidence, let alone Biblical Text.

There is a bread crumb trail…perhaps we should follow it? Perhaps it’s too much work?

 

The picture above, also shows the state of Barley being over taken by thorns and vines, the green is camo enough, but the thorn bush is slowly wrapping around the Barley and even more destructively, the thorns and invasive vegetation is sucking the nutrients from the soil, this nutrition important for the Barley and NEEDED TO CREATE THE NEXT GENERATION OF SEED.

Audio Messages on

the Month of Abib

by JS Lowther

If any help is needed on the subject of keeping Passover in 2017

Please e-mail the Ministry, and we will help as best we can!

A Reason for the days of Purim (the feast of Esther)

 

esther bible

A Reason for Purim (audio study) – A Reason for Purim is a 3 part audio message that involves YHWH’s Law, Genealogy, Biblical Ethnology and the deeper meaning of the feast of Queen Esther. For those who have ever wonder why the book of Esther is in the Christian Bible, as Some do and with out key information given in this very in this study into the subject the lawful and Biblically Realistic understanding of Purim the reason why is lost.

This Ministry holds that the pagan-Catholic psudo-Christian feast of Easter is indeed the biblical feast of Esther, and as such the Calendar most people follow for Israel’s feasts are 1 month short of the actual happening, strange but believable. For further information on the Heavenly Calendar keeping of this Ministry please listen to and see the message :

New Years, New Ears and the Month of Abib .

Yet, this full moon or 15th day of the moonth is when many folks celebrate Purim, or at least recognize it’s existence if they hold next Full moon or 15th day as Passover.

 

To Fast or Not to Fast? That is the Question…On the Day of Atonement

    To Fast or Not to Fast?        

That is the Question…scape-goat

On the Day of Atonement

(YM KPeR)

 ‘yom kippur’

                                               

Compiled by JS Lowther

Should Israel Fast on the day of atonement?

   Some have proposed that soul affliction is not fasting, but is a general casting down of ones self, felt in a spiritual way? Some have proposed that the Sabbath of Rest kept on the 10th day of the 7th moonth is the affliction required; A promotion that asserts not working in servile labor as affliction? As odd as the concept of rest being affliction may be to any but the handicapped, it  is an understanding of Leviticus 23:27 and 29 held by some.

So the question then is, What does “ye shall afflict your souls” mean in a biblical context?

The context of Leviticus 23:26-32

26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict – your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. (here is the Hebrew used FOR “Ye shall afflict” ועניתם < >V’ONYTh’M, lit. ‘and afflict ye’ the plural suffix ‘M’ is added to ‘ye’ implying that the command is to many ‘ye’ and not one person. and the lit. Hebrew for “your soul” is נפשׁתיכם< >NPS’ThYKM ‘soul shall be yours’ giving the understanding of ‘and afflict ye (that את) soul shall be yours’. While the English is more comprehensible to us, the Hebrew speaks to the congregation of Israel to afflict them selves in focus of them selves giving a clear command of self affliction of humbling.

(See Alpha-Bet Chart for understanding European Hebrew )

28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.

29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

The word ONH and ONY may be seen in Strong’s H6030 through H6041 all having the same general meaning and exact root spelling. The below is a good reference to see the composition:

H6041

עני

From H6031 (ONH); depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively): – afflicted, humble`, lowly`, needy, poor.

This word is rooted in the word ON which is seen written OYN, and is the name for the letter ‘ O ‘ which in Hebrew has the meaning of ‘ Eye’ as may still be seen in our modern letter’s symbol, OyN which corresponds to the visage of ones countenance and it’s humbling or casting down.

This is telling as the affliction or humbling mentioned in this case is specified as to be imposed by your own soul.

If the Scriptures do not specify fasting directly, that is the word ‘fast’ is not seen, how have many christians and jews come up with this interpretation?

Indisputably by logic, one can deduce that no eating is a form of affliction of ones soul, as well one could deduce that to do such before God is a humbling of ones soul as well, yet can one eat food to “satisfy his soul” and still thoroughly afflict or humble his soul, depress it or cast it down? Can one drink out of pleasure or eat out of pleasure, especially when they have no NEED of doing so, as they are well fed in general? Reality dictates that when you eat you are not in a state of affliction, unless perhaps you afflict your soul with discussing and awful food?

The Opposite of afflicting the soul is Satisfying the soul.

Beside reason, let us consider Biblical logic on the matter by context:

Pro_6:30 Men do not despise a thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry;

Pro_13:25 The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.

Consider also: Isa_58:10; Isa_58:11; Eze_7:19. All of which speak of satisfying the soul, which in Hebrew is to literally to fill ones soul (מלא– MLA).

In direct context: The word fast is linked to soul affliction or humbling of the soul many times in the bible:

Psa 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.

Psa_69:10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.

Isa_58:3 Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.

Isa_58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?

Ezr_8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance.

Regardless of the opinion one may have on the meaning of Isaiah 58 alone,which shal be looked at below, it is obvious that fasting is soul affliction or humbling and afflicting ones soul is contrary to filling ones soul with refreshing food and drink. It is also available to be seen that most of the fasting and soul affliction above is accompanied with other humblings and afflictions to ones every day life, such as sack cloth and dirt and ashes being used to lower ones estate. The sentiment of humbling affliction is beyond a simple fast, but seems to include an absence of enjoyment including the satisfaction of food to the soul.

 

Now for a conclusive commentary on Isaiah 58:1-14 via Levitcus

1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.(Lev_25:9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.)

2 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God.

3 Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.(Lev_16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all… )4 Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?

6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? (Lev 25:10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.)

7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?( Leviticus 25:11-14 A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed. 12 For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field. 13 In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession. 14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbour’s hand, ye shall not oppress one another:)

8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.

9 Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;

10 And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the noonday:

11 And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.

12 And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in. ( Leviticus 25:17-22 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the LORD your God. 18 Wherefore ye shall do my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; and ye shall dwell in the land in safety. 19 And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat your fill, and dwell therein in safety. 20 And if ye shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase: 21 Then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years. 22 And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat yet of old fruit until the ninth year; until her fruits come in ye shall eat of the old store. )

13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:

( Leviticus 25:4-8 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. 5 That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land. 6 And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee, 7 And for thy cattle, and for the beast that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat. 8 And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.

Leviticus 23:2-4 …Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. 3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. 4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. )

14 Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

( Leviticus 25:39-44 And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant: 40 But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner, he shall be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubile: 41 And then shall he depart from thee, both he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return. 42 For they are my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen. 43 Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God. 44 Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. )

While the Context of the 50th year special day of atonement called the Jubile is seen through out the 58th Chapter of Isaiah, we could undoubtedly see some very good context on the attitude YHWH has towards those who fast with out the New Covenant heart and mind.

Yet the specific applications to fasting are undoubtedly proof texts for it being biblical soul affliction, what was the problem in Isaiah’s time?

From the Leviticus commentary inserted into Isaiah 58 it would appear that the day of atonement was no longer holding it’s holy place in the heart and mind of Israel.

Israel asks: Wherefore have we fasted, and thou seest not? Have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge?

Isaiah answers: Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours. 4 Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness:

Isaiah teaches: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high. 5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?

6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?

7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?

In other words Israel had turned the day of atonement into a vain fast, the people kept the ordinance of personal soul affliction in fasting but they did so with out the heart and mind which YHWH wanted. The soul afflicting and fasting of the seventh year and the jubile where to remind the people of their own sin and need for atonement, a reminder of not oppressing their kin and of forgiveness of debt as their heavenly Father would forgive them. The fast and Sabbath was a memorial of YHWH’s forgiveness and our inability to ever humble our selves enough to atone for our own sin, the best we can do is obey then forgive and help our own people who are in need, pray for our nation and by doing so “build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.”

Every year the 10th day of the 7th moonth is a memorial to Christ’s perfect life he gave in our place, not only to live, but to die in giving us atonement but letting us go by exchange of YHWH’s Choosing.

Jesus Son of Sirach Puts it thus:Sir_(KJV 34:26 or LXX 31:26)

So is it with a man that fasteth for his sins, and goeth again, and doeth the same: who will hear his prayer? or what doth his humbling profit him?

Historical references to fasting and Day of Atonement

It is undoubtedly that the Judeans of the time of Christ fasted at this time as the below tells:

Philo of Alexandria:

Life of Moses II part 1

(23) Again, who is there who does not pay all due respect and honour to that which is called “the fast,

the Special lawsl I part 3

(186)On the tenth day the fast takes place which they take seriously–not only those who are zealous about piety and holiness, but even those who do nothing religious the rest of the time.

THE SPECIAL LAWS, I – Part 4

THE NINTH FESTIVAL

(193) And after the feast of trumpets the solemnity of the fast is celebrated, (27) Perhaps some of those who are perversely minded and are not ashamed to censure excellent things will say, “What sort of a feast is this where there is no eating and drinking, no troupe of entertainers or audience, no copious supply of strong drink nor the generous display of a public banquet, nor moreover the merriment and revelry of dancing to the sound of flute and harp, and timbrels and cymbals, and the other instruments of music which awaken the unruly lusts through the channel of the ears?

Special laws II part 1

xi. 41

The eighth is the festival of the sacred moon, or the feast of trumpets.

The ninth(feast) is the fast.

Josephus:

Antiqities Book 3, Ch 10 3. On the tenth day of the same lunar month, they fast till the evening…

Book 18 ch 4 …the very next day after the feast was over. This was the practice at the three yearly festivals, and on the fastday…

Dialogue of Justin myrter with Trypho :

And the two goats which were ordered to be offered during the fast, of which one was sent away as the scape [goat], and the other sacrificed, were similarly declarative of the two appearances of Christ:..

Post Christian Scripture with history’s commentary

The language of Philo and Josephus was used by Luke to explain the time of the year in which the winds change making sailing dangerous, it is in relation to the biblical natural calendar using the 10th day of the 7th moonth as a marker point for this, yet calling it by the popular name of the above writers:

Act_27:9 Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them..

Act 27:12 And because the haven was not commodious to winter in, the more part advised to depart thence also, if by any means they might attain to Phenice, and there to winter; which is an haven of Crete, and lieth toward the south west and north west.

Yet the fast above, may not be, some may say, the fast of the above writers, and that simply it was a fasting Paul was afflicting himself with personally, the afflicting of ones self with fasting would confirm the idiom seen in the a fore mentioned scripture, however when the fact that the winter season is mentioned in the same instance, we know that this is Calendric reference.

Consider Josephus on the feasts and the winter, this reference directly follows the above quote by Josephus:

Antiqities Book 3, Ch 10 vrs 4.

Upon the fifteenth day of the same month, when the season of the year is changing for winter, the law enjoins us to pitch tabernacles in every one of our houses, so that we preserve ourselves from the cold of that time of the year; as also that when we should arrive at our own country, and come to that city which we should have then for our metropolis, because of the temple therein to be built, and keep a festival for eight days…

Thus, evidence is available that Luke made use of the term “the fast” in calling the day of atonement by such as did others in his time, and one with the mention of winter along side it.

So what is the conclusion being offered here from this compilation and study?

  • Israel was commanded to keep the Day of Atonement year by year by soul afflictions
  • Christian Israel should keep the feasts as part of the New Covenant (Hebrews 8 & Jeremiah 31)
  • The Day of Atonement is the 10th day of the 7th moonth is a Christian Israelite festival
  • Fasting is a biblicaly substantiated synonym for the act of soul affliction
  • Eating is biblicaly substantiated as satisfying ones soul and not part of soul affliction
  • Fasting is Historically substantiated to be part of the soul affliction on The Day of Atonement
  • The title “The Fast” was used during the time of the apostles for The Day of Atonement
  • Luke the writer of Acts used the title “The Fast” for the 10th day of the 7th Moonth which happens before winter as a fall festival

Christians who keep the day of Atonement are to imply all of the same reasons for their soul afflictions as did Israel of the tabernacle, as seen in the Law, Histories, Prophets and Wisdom. As Christ has offered himself for us at this present time as our sin sacrifice we should as well afflict our selves with the regrettable truth that National Israel has rejected their King with His Law and Priest with His Sacrifice.

It is only by European Christian Israel’s repentance and prayer; we as our Puritan Kinsmen of old should weep before the alter of Christ, begging for our own forgiveness and our people as a Nation by prayer and fasting!

Giving up food for a day

is

THE LEAST OF OUR AFFLICTION!

Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of YHWH shall be thy reward.

Then shalt thou call, and YHWH shall answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the noonday: And YHWH shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not. And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.

Peace and Grace, only in Christ Kinsman!

JSL