NEW COVENANT/NEW TESTAMENT
For this is my blood of the new testament,
which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
(Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20)
How much more shall the blood of Christ,
who through the eternal Spirit offered himself
without spot to God, purge your conscience
from dead works to serve the living God?
And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death,
for the redemption of the transgressions
that were under the first testament,
they which are called might receive the promise
of eternal inheritance.
Diathēkē is the Greek word for testament and covenant, they are the same in the bible and of no difference, so by speaking of the New testament we are speaking of the New Covenant. As a Christian I hope that you know what the biblical New Covenant or New Testament is as it was ordained in your savior’s blood.
The New Covenant not only wills forgiveness of unrighteousness, sins and iniquities, but it unquestionably confirms God’s desire for His people to have His Law in their mind (inward parts) and heart which is the dwelling place of the spirit.
As easily seen by Heb 8:1-2, the fault of the first covenant is in our flesh, and it’s failure is yet in us, yet under the New Covenant our faulted flesh is amended by Christ and his spirit, the Law is still ordained to life, but the decay, vanishing away, passing away and abolition is that of the enmity between us and God.
The fault of our out ward man who is flesh, is the transgression of the law: unrighteousness, sins and iniquities are the repercussions of that transgressing, Christ was therefore sent to remit and forgive transgressions of the law, this is not only forgiveness of the sins of past actions but a working remission of sin that is able to justify / make righteous the Christian by his faith at present, while still striving to showing his faith by works before ordained, in the law, that he should walk in them (Eph 2:10).
According to Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20, as well as ample amounts of scripture beside those, Christ, the Word made flesh’s purpose was to establish the New Testament / Covenant in his blood, this is no doubt the greatest truth of scripture to be understood by those seeking to be Christ’s disciples.
Hebrews 8:7-13 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. (Rom 8:3 the law…was weak through the flesh / them) For finding fault with them, he saith, “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah… because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the LORD. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the LORD; I will put my LAWS into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their SINS and their iniquities will I remember no more.” In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away. (Jer 31:31-37)
Notice the place where Hebrews 10 quotes Psalm 40: “He taketh away the first (covenant), that hat he may establish the second covenant” , it is exactly where Psalm 40 says “yea, thy law is within my heart”.
… I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. (Hebrews 10:9)
|I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.
(2 Corinthians 3 & 4) Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God; Who also hath made us able ministers of the new covenant; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away: How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious? For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth. For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious. Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament (covenant); which vail is done away in Christ. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not; But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the God of this world (This is a reference to the only God of this world, YHWH- Rom 11:25; Eph 4:18), hath blinded the minds of them which believe not (John 3:18-21), lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them…
The difference in covenants are as follows:
Old first Covenant
New second Covenant
Faulted by weak flesh
Sufficiency is of God
God’s Law written in stone /
God’s Law written on the heart / the spirit
Glorious Ministration of death
Excelled Glorious ministration of spirit
Glorious ministration of condemnation
Excelled Glorious ministration of righteousness
Glory of the Law is Vailed / hidden with out Christ
Glory of the Law is unVailed / seen in Christ
The laws spoken of in Jeremiah 31 and Hebrews 8 are the same laws of God and of Moses, known very plainly in scripture as such. The function of Christ to put the laws of God in his people’s mind (inward parts) and heart, as well as to forgive sin this is the difference between the above aspects of the Covenants.
Consider how these are the two categories by which the above aspects of the old and new covenant are divided:
Old first Covenant
New second Covenant
“sin is transgression of the law”
“he was manifested to take away our sin”
The law is not the part of the Covenant that decayeth and waxeth old and is ready to vanish away, it is very clear that the law is to be written in the heart (inward parts) and mind, it is the sin which is abolished.
All of the effects of the OLD covenant in the OLD out ward man are linked to sin: flesh, stone (heart), letter, killeth, death, condemnation, vailed, hidden, blinded.
All of the effects of the reNEWed inward man under the NEW covenant are linked to the law in the heart and forgiveness: sufficiency of God, heart, spirit, life, spirit, righteousness, unvailed, seen, shine.
Notice the correlation between the a fore scriptures and Zech 7
Thus speaketh YHWH of hosts, saying,
(New Covenant man)
Execute true judgment,
shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:
oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless,
the stranger, nor the poor;
and let none of you imagine evil against his brother
in your heart.
(Old Covenant man)
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder,
stopped their ears, that they should not hear.
Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone,
lest they should hear the law, and the words
which YHWH of hosts hath sent in his spirit
by the former prophets:
therefore came a great wrath from YHWH of hosts.
The old and new testaments are not time lines in place to designate B.C. and A.D. Ages, they are Spiritual heart conditions, both still being present. Christ’s blood was shed for the remission of Sin, and was recognized as an eminent promise by pre-Christian disciples of Christ.
The Gospel preached in the old Testament / Covenant age is not hidden when the heart is turned to Christ and the law is put within it, and we start to love the LORD our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as our self. This “Christ”ian model has been the desire of God towards his Word since the beginning, the law written on the inward parts by love is the separation line of Sons of God and the world.
Having re-NEW-ed Covenant faith
in the “Old Covenant” age.
The desire of God towards his people have from the beginning been that all the holy men of old, would Covenant with him according to Faith which hung by Love, no mater if the Covenant was in the Garden of Eden, in YHWH’s Temple or at Christ’s Passover (last supper).
Abram’s Covenant will be discussed in depth in the next few sections, yet consider this:
Gen 15:1 …the word (Christ- John 1:1) of YHWH came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.
The Word of YHWH in the flesh is the coming son of Adam / Man, Christ, the seed of Abraham that was Abram’s great reward which separated him from his former world.
Consider Moses, Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward. (Heb 11:23-29)
Accordingly Moses esteemed Christ Jesu(s) the Son of God,and Word made flesh as the great reward Abram was given. This Reward which is offered in Christ, is still the Word of God, and is also considered a reproach to men who will not hear God’s Law.
In the case of Moses, he left Egypt in order to deliver YHWH God’s Word to his people, to establish or codify the Law unto the people in National covenant on Mt. Horeb in Sinai, this all being part of the reproach of Christ and the great reward. Moses undoubtedly had part in Christ’s very teaching on the mater: I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. – John 17:14
Moses being a man who taught that God’s Law, as contained in the Pentateuch was the law desired to be written on the heart, as he said by God’s inspiration: And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. (Deut 6:6-7, 11:18, 32:46)
God’s law as spoken to Moses is the law to be written on the heart under Christ’s New Covenant, God has not changed his standards.
Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s sake. Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets. (Luke 6:22-23)
Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished. Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings. For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation. (Isaiah 51:6-8)
In ending section II of this compilation it is of necessity that I am not mistaken, as this is a very key factor, a fundamental principal I am indeed promoting. That is the very idea that true Christians are to walk as their savior walked to the best of their fleshly ability after GOD’s spiritual law under the New Covenant in Christ; in allowing YHWH God to write HIS Law in the heart and mind by love: Allowing the law of God as given to Moses as a paradigm by which Christians should live, using the Pentateuch as the defining Word on Good and evil, Just and unjust, Holy and unholy, clean and unclean, Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
(Leviticus 11:44, 19:2 20:7,26; 1 Peter 1:15,16).
This Compilation has been ordered as to lead you down a path of harmony in scripture, where boldly faith may be had in the whole of God’s Word as a light for the path.
…For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day. For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;
For I delight in the law of God after the inward man