ReNEWed COVENANT Ministry
SABBATH BIBLE STUDY
IF we have sown unto you spiritual things,
Is it a great thing if we shall reap from you carnal things? 1Corinthians 9:11
Compiled by JS LOWTHER
In connection to the series that I had offered “why do we keep the feasts?”, this next series is offered, to help further support and encourage the Israel of God in her return to YHWH’s ordained worship according to the Scriptures.
I’d like to add that last year around this time I had offered as series on
As well as, just a few months back, I had more so established a systematic reason for keeping the feast as Christians under the New Covenant in the series:
How Do We Keep the Feasts?
In Holy Convocation, by the Call of YHWH
2Pe_1:2-8 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesu(s) our Lord, According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. For if these things be in you, and abound, for they make neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesu(s) Christ.
So we have spent the last 2 messages discussing aspects of the lights based sabbath as spoken of in verses 1-3 particularly, and exposing the meaning that that scripture of GOD’s Law carries with it, particularly the holy, sanctified or set apart nature of the sabbath day, as:
• YHWH having the ability to will by his sovereignty
• YHWH having appointed the lights of heaven as his faithful witness to do his will: for signs, seasons, days and years…
• YHWH having given us an example by submitting himself to his own will on the 7th day to rest or sabbath after having labored and done all of his creative work.
• Adam has the ability to submit to YHWH’s sovereignty
• Adam has the ability to recognize the faithful witness in the lights of heaven to know that they are appointed by the creator as signs, seasons, days and years…
• Adam has the ability to submit himself to the sovereignty of YHWH by witnessing the signs, seasons, days and years of the 7th day sabbath to keep it holy after 6 days work, following the example.
On these seasons of YHWH the sons of Israel are to:
• Remember and memorialize, mind (take heed) and remind, declare and appoint- these days
• Sabbath or rest, pause or cease, return or settle- all of this carried in the meaning of Sabbath
• keep it holy or hallowed, sanctified or sacred, set apart or separate- it’s time
• in it thou shalt not do any work- as is done on the non-holy 6 working days
• thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates… this is to separate ‘all that are thine within thy gates’ unto no work and sabbath thus separating them or setting them apart unto holiness
It is within this portion of YHWH’s Word has its constative phrase ‘holy convocations’ or ‘separate calling’ of verses 2-3 :
Lev_23:3 six days is work done, and in the seventh day is a sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; ye do no work; it is a sabbath to YHWH in all your dwellings.
And so we can clearly see the nature of the sabbath as a time of ‘Holy Convocation’ or a separate / set aside calling.
A very literal translation of Lev_23:2 says in English,
Lev_23:2 “‘Speak unto my sons Israel: And say to them , My Appointed- Seasons, YHWH says, ye shall call, my separate calling, these are My appointed- Seasons…
I have pointed this out many times in the past concerning the word, calling or convocation, here in the Hebrew the word is QuR, QuRA or M-QuRA / קרH4744 in the Greek these Hebrew word are translated to kaleo-s (καλεσετεG2564) and kletos (κληταςG2822) both deriving from kello meaning to ‘to urge’ or ‘call;, we can simply see the English connection in our word ‘call’ to ‘kallo’, easy to remember. And it is this Greek understanding that also bases the Greek word for ‘Church’, that is as we say it ecclesia (εκ-κλησιαG1577 ), this is an ‘εκ’ meaning ‘out’ , we say ‘ex-‘ now in English, like: ex-clude verse in-clude, for instance, and so ‘εκ’ is in the word ‘ek-klesia’ is added to the word kaleo-s (καλεσετεG2564) meaning ‘calling’, and so in fact this ‘holy convocation’ or ‘separated calling’ is a form of ecclesia, or church gathering having it’s constative roots in the holy sabbath which is remembered by the sons of Israel and proclaimed or called to those with in their gates or families, ‘all that are thine’ to come together, to be called out.
Thus, the first Appointed Season is the seventh day Sabbath,
Lev_23:4 ‘These are appointed seasons of YHWH, ‘holy convocations / set-apart callings’, which ye ‘proclaim/ call’ in their appointed seasons ‘…
and so the continuance goes on.
The holy convocation, the call to separation is rooted constativly in the family structure as lead by Israel’s males, Israel’s remember-ers, this is a particular to understanding the holiness of the sabbath weekly, monthly, and yearly as a season of festivity is that this very aspect of generationally observing sabbath rest as a form of worship in itself, but also as a time for holiness separated unto YHWH in assembly as a holy calling gated off from those lodged out side your gates (remember Nehemiah), and so in the sentiment which the 4th commandment has offered us from the statement: “thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates…” has the duel implication of both keeping your’s with in the gate of holiness or separation, in recognition of those 2 points from the 10 commandments Ex:20:1 that YHWH is LORD sovereign creator of all and from Deu_5:1 that YHWH wields the sovereign right as Lord to bind and set free, and as father’s it is our job in all holy convocations as commanded by YHWH to cause those in our gates to remember in this way, this is where the Grace of God is first seen, this is where the Fear of the LORD starts to bloom into wisdom, it is in the lesson which the remember-ers, the heads of the people are entrusted with to remind their respective recipients of the Kingdom, that is the: Racial, National, Family, and paternal gates that YHWH is Lord GOD and we are separated unto Holy convocation unto Him (that LORD GOD, creator of heaven and earth and that LORD GOD who is still in control outside of our gates and who is wielding in his good pleasure bondage and liberty.)
And so now that I think we have fully laid a foundation of the Sabbath’s as the Appointed seasons of YHWH, and how that system works, and how it needs remembered and memorialized by the heads of the families of Israel, it’s males, and how it is a call to holiness or separation, which is the calling of the church; and how the very benefit of forgiveness found in the New Covenant as symbolized by the new moon in it’s cHoDeSh or Renewal, offering covenantal hope to the Israel of GOD, to be truly redeemed and reconciled in Christ’s unto the Father through the Holy Spirit. The Call is from none other than Christ the one Sheppard, who calls to his sheep and they hear his voice, and he separates and protects as the gate those who are His, He is the door of the sheep.
And so the mercy and love of Christ is imbued into the structure of the Gate’s we are separated by and protected within, while keeping our seasons and festivals with a New Covenant Heart, and Mind and strength; all of the gates of holiness from the Law of God are acknowledged through Christ, and no contradiction able to exist between the calling of the saints and the Word which call’s as it is Christ as that WORD which segregates from the world, and reinforces the Gracious-favor extended towards Israel in saying:
And so Fathers and grandfather, Heads of your homes and families, those who shut the gates as the Levites of Nehemiah’s day have need to …cleanse yourself, and come and keep the gates… sanctify the sabbath day. And pray Nehemiah’s prayer as that tool of remembrance: “Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy.” Neh_13:22
This is full circle as, we see that it is Christ the Word who has called us by his calling, Calls to the remember-ers who then calls to those which are within his gates, and the Words of that calling containing Christ is heard in Lev_23, as we recognize that Christ is the substance of this call to holiness, it is not Moses’ call, these are not Moses’ words, but the Word was Christ, who is the Logon of Moses, concerning YHWH’s festival worship and seasons, the Logic of GOD.
And so Upon this bases we will now move past the Sabbath Season level of How do we keep the feasts? and observe the Call of holy convocation as it encompasses the festivals which are next in the template of Leviticus 23’s calling, in asking how do we keep the feasts? In Holy Convocations, that is in separated callings, as contained in the concept of cHaG ‘s in this sentiment:
To the text:
Lev_23:4 ‘These are appointed seasons of YHWH, holy convocations, which ye proclaim in their appointed seasons:
Lev 23:5 in the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, between the evenings, is the passover to YHWH;
Lev_23:6 and on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast (cHaG) of unleavened things to YHWH; seven days unleavened things ye do eat;
Lev 23:7 on the first day ye have a holy convocation, ye do no servile work;
Lev 23:8 and ye have brought near a fire-offering to YHWH seven days; in the seventh day is a holy convocation; ye do no servile work.
What I want to focus on is what is said in Lev_23:6 … the fifteenth day of the same month is the feastH2282 of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread…
Now specifically in this text, which we are using as a template for coving the feasts of YHWH, the Hebrew word cHaG is only found twice here in verse 6 and later in
Lev_23:34 …The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast (cHaG) of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
Notice immediately that both feasts are allotted 7 days, this is integral to the beginning of the feast upon the 15th on the cHoDeSh or Month, the renewal of the moon as beginning with the New Moon as the first day of the renewal, and 2 weeks later arriving at this point near full moon on the 15th day of that same renewal on both months.
And in part this is the represented nature of cHaG, a period of devoted time to a particular feast, and thus encased or encompassed, surrounded by it’s Sabbath which are it’s head or start, the feast’s first day in that respective counting, as in the case of the two listed in Lev_ 23 in v. Lev_ 23:6 ‘the feast of unleavened bread’ & in v. Lev_ 23:34 ‘the feast of Tabernacles’. And in keeping the primitive command of 6 days of work and the 7th day of rest or Sabbath and holy convocation, these holy convocation and days of no work or labor, which in fact the same monthly Sabbath days which number the weekly Sabbath and are now inculcated into the festival reckoning to be synonymously reckoned as one and the same.
While the manner of offerings and sacrifices have particular orders to commence at some period with in the days of holy convocation and non-holy convocation by the heads and priests of Israel according to applicable law, this primary command of keeping the seventh day holy as the Sabbath, and the primitive command of keeping the 6 days as non-convocational days as non-holy is integral to the concept found here and through the scripture.
The Hebrew word here spoken of cHaG / חגH2282 is in the LXX the Greek word Horteh- εορτηG1859.
The Greek concept is confusing for those who read it out of an English bible translating the LXX because it singularizes the word and simply says holiday (ABP) or feast (Brent.) like the KJV, yet this is understood by looking at the ‘feast’ as a whole, the ABP is a bad translation in my opinion for the American-English reader, though the British-English reader, as I understand, use the word this way still. Nevertheless to an American reader, the concept of holiday seems to denote one day, but it is speaking clearly of all 7 days of unleavened bread as one feast or holiday.
Lit. the Greek Represents ‘set aside hours or special-time’ in this case unto the GOD- YHWH – Horteh/ εορτηG1859).
The Greek used this word to designate the word seen as ‘feast’ every time in the KJV, so it is obvious that the KJV translator’s followed the Greek method of explaining the Hebrew in English, and so the Greek word kairois /καιροιςG2540 which corresponds to ‘seasons’ as in Gen_1:14 is only found in the same place the KJV puts the English word ‘seasons’ in Lev_23:4 .
And it is for reasons like this exactly we compare the Hebrew with the Greek LXX, when we can, for good understanding, because in the Hebrew we are dealing with 2 different aspects of the same concept of a feast, where in the Greek the ‘holiday seasons’ are looked at more as a whole.
And this is important because it shows that when the LXX called the seasons and holy callings / holy convocations on the Sabbaths that that Sabbath portion of the festival was considered part of the ‘feast or set apart time’ whither part of the offering’s prescribed or part of the specific service commanded on those days of the feast, regardless those 7th day sabbath’s are still ‘horteh’ / ‘devoted hours’ of a day to a worship in it’s season, in the Greek construct.
And so, because in this study it is important to gain details, we are going to look at the specific Hebrew concept and view it through that construct, but along the way shading it a bit with this Greek light:
Let’s consider the Hebrew word for cHaG and it’s meaning:
khag- A festival, or a victim therefor: – (solemn) feast (day), sacrifice, solemnity.
Strong here throws in the idea of the victim or the sacrificial animal it self, but this has no show of interchangeability in scripture , rather it is that Strong is making the connection to the sacrifice or offering pertaining to that holiday’s sacrifice as part of the feast as commanded by Law.
The Word cHaG is very primitive in it’s construct 2 letters חַ(cHet) & Gemmel ג and so the closest relative we can find being used in Scripture for an example of it’s relative meaning is: cHaGG and cHUG, this next strong number also gives the other relative words for person al study in:H2287 חָגַג
A primitive root (compare H2283, H2328); properly to move in a circle, that is, (specifically) to march in a sacred procession, to observe a festival; by implication to be giddy: – celebrate, dance, (keep, hold) a (solemn) feast (holiday), reel to and fro.
(See: Job_22:14; Psa_42:5; Psa_107:27; Pro_8:27; Isa_40:22; Isa_44:13)
In the English we can attempt to link this to an emotion of dancing or reeling, 1Sa 30:16 … dancing, Psa 107:27 reel to and fro …
And in a few other cases it speaks of ‘terror’ such as in Isa_19:17, and in Job_26:10 the circle or compassed of the waters … until the day and night come to an end.
Also just for the learning of how this Concept is understood: Gen_3:7 speaks of an apron or a wrap around, Lev_8:7-13 speaks of a girdle, Lev_11:22 speaks of the grasshopper as perhaps a grass-dancer.
And so the best biblical understanding of this time is ‘wrapped up’ in the simple Idea of how we use the word feast and festival today, as a time of emotion and dancing, a feast of food and drink in celebration. This is why I have chosen the word ‘feast’ to represent the Hebrew Word ‘cHaG’ as Young’s literal Trans had, because I can flexibly use it to express the same expressions. In Feast and festival, we understand it as a devoted time of celebration, and it should be a Holy time of emotion as it encompasses you, in joy or fearful worship, of trembling before YHWH in worship of his sovereign Lordship and graciousness to us. Perhaps, as we still say that one is ‘all-wrapped up in a holiday season’, so we can understand this as it pertained to the cHaGim of YHWH, of His horteh or devoted hours of worship to be our attire, our garment in that seasons, full of joy and terror, dancing and trembling, true emotion in the consideration of the solemnity of the feast and it’s command.
This cHaG encompasses the time of it’s calling to assembly as well, in a vacuum (so to speak) it draws even from the days before and after it’s encompassment, even of those days not encased in it technically, yet all commands given by YHWH as to it’s specific or holy reverence as it is within one’s power through GOD’s Grace are reckoned unto it as part of that divine service unto YHWH. For instance consider getting ready for work as a hired servant or an employee: That while as such, you are not paid till the time you start work, let’s say 9:00am to 5:00pm is you agreement with your boss, yet you wake at a certain time, and drive to the job and likewise you leave after 5 and drive home yet you are only required to be there and be paid for the time from 9 to 5; and so in this way the devoted portion of your time called to be appointed by YHWH, may start on the 14th at evening and run the 21st at evening but is draws all the time around it into it’s preparation for and leaving of that feast, and in the same way we often speak of ‘ I’ve gotta leave for work at 8:00am to be on time’, and so the faithful think of the feast as ‘I’ve gotta get ready for the feast and get things ready, it starts on the 14th at evening , I’ve got to be on time.’
For work: You might have to get up and shower and eat breakfast, grab your tools and materials or whatever you do, and get gas or whatever before work, and that is Because of work, yet it is not work, but without doing that there is no work; so you’ve got stuff you need to do in preparation the feast of those appointed seasons, and while it is not within the week encased by the sabbatic seasons as gates into the specific feast of YHWH.
And in dealing with YHWH’s festivals, YHWH’s Law gives us a time line for curtain aspects of the feast’s specifically of Unleavened bread and Tabernacles, but also in special celebration of the Feast of weeks or First fruits of wheat harvest, Pentecost; Trumpets and Atonement.
There is time which YHWH is specific as to its allotment, as the encompassment of that separated, sanctified or holy time gathering into the gates of your people at that time and that is the primary goal of the feast, yet the primitive aspect of getting into that gate of time is in working on the 6 days of work to get there. And so often we speak of the feast as a whole, as does the Testament writers, in speaking of the feast of Passover for instance, yet that day is part of the 6 working days happening on the 14th and not part of the feast of unleavened bread, yet in the biblical reasoning this is vacuumed into the cHaG so to speak, as one getting to work, yet in this case you boss is paying you for your drive, and on the 10th day of the 1st month for instance the Passover Lamb is to be selected and set apart for the feast to come 4 days after, also part of getting to the feast ( we’ll go into this more when we discuss Passover day and it’s ordinance).
So, in the understanding of what this feast is it is important to recognize that it is somewhat distinct from the Appointed-Season of the Sabbath, while the two correspond, the Sabbath, the days of no work or labor because it is for holy convocation; those Sabbath days Technically start and end the festival or holiday time period, the cHaG.
This is because of how the biblical concept of ‘cHaG’ is understood,( and believe me, you will not understand it until you actually keep the feast as it is written and match you life up to the text and try to follow what YHWH says to do! So many people preach on the Passover incorrectly, because they have never followed they have only read about it, in the case of Passover and Tabernacle’s, those preachers are just flapping there gums; they have little to no clue.
These preachers will always, teach to not keep the feasts, and tell your family that they can’t ‘really do it’, but they don’t even understand the biblical mentality of the biblical ordnance and sacraments in the feasts as holy worship, perfectly designed to Call and Draws Israel to worship the GOD who commanded it. I on the other hand from this point on in this series will be speaking to the ordinances beyond the timing as prior focused on in:
• The seasons or MUODIM of YHWH’s Sabbaths as Leviticus 23 speaks,
• The Feasts or cHag’s as festival which encase or encompass a specific time for YHWH’s worship as he directs to be holy, set aside His way.
But now moving on to the ordinances of these festivals as kept in those Seasons and Feasts, with in the gates of that construct and the preparation which is commanded to be in anticipation of their respective services as Holy, set apart, and sanctified worship.
Offering a complete and seamless celebration to the Christian who keeps YHWH as Word giver to Moses, and that Word as Jesus Christ, and so in full revelation of the person of our Messiah: our Feast encompasses us and our time In Feast and festival, let His devoted hours and days of worship be your attire as a garment in that seasons, full of joy and terror, dancing and trembling, in true emotion in the consideration of the solemnity of the feast by its command as true worship before your GOD .