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(The last 4 chapters of Judges)
JUDGES CHAPTER 24
Compiled by JS Lowther
ReNEWed COVENANT Ministry
Lets start out in the Law:
Lev 25:23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine; for ye are strangers and sojourners with me.
Lev 25:24 And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.
Lev 25:25 If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away some of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.
Rth 3:1 Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee?
Rth 3:2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor.
Rth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.
Rth 3:4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do.
Rth 3:5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.
Rth 3:6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.
Rth_3:7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered Th-GaL H1540 his feet,Me-Ro-GaLThH4772, and laid her down.
The word for uncover in normal GaL-Eh H1540 it is here in the feminine form Th-GaL, as the word for redeem is GAL H1350, the words are indicative of each other. This is also the word used in Lev_18:6 and 20 when dealing with unlawful uncovering and is the general word for the action: L-GaLTh ללות / GaLEh גּלה 1540 to uncover. The action of Gal is not in the focus of uncovering or covering as the word used in verse 9 in the phrase “near kinsman” is again an also GAL, but the idea of the Hebrew logic is gathered up into the idea of ‘kinship covering’ and I believe may be best described by the Gaelic custom of Tartan most know of from Scotland, I don’t think its a surprise that the Gaul’s or Gaelic people, also called Gaults/ Celts or Kelts ware a skirt named after them called a Kilt made of their family banner called a Tartan. Having a name strikingly in resemblance to the Hebrew Word GaL, consider also the Hebrew word for the (Tribe) banner or standard is DGaL דגלH1714, Just as the Kilt (GaLT) Tartan is a banner of/ standard of a family , the cloth skirt which men wear in all functions of family life, from Birth to Marriage to Battle to Death, the covering they have is the banner of their GAeLic family, their Kinsmen, those who they by Rights may Redeem.
In the days of Ruth the language indicates the same idea as that which was used by the less ancient GauLs, it was an important part of Israelite society, for to uncover a woman you must be willing to covered her with your kindred family. Much like the depleting custom of a woman taking the husband’s sir name or last name was common to our more modern grandparents in 2017, the Idea of patriarchal headship is key to the Israelite cultural heritage, and the two concepts are one in the same.
The Laws found in the scripture on the uncovering of nakedness are regulation that promote healthy growth of Israelite Christian Culture, which is bound in the Logic of God’s Law and thus the Law of Headship by Patriarchy, which is where Fathers rule their families by the fear of God; this aspect of fear is as well seen in the accompanying language of the portion of the skirt or covering which is specified by Ruth, that is the KNaF or edge, border. As commanded in Deu_22:12 where the command is found to hem a ribbon or thread of blue for the remembrance of YHWH’s Law, the edge of the skirt of an Israelite man was to represent the Law of YHWH; Interestingly enough in Rth_2:12 …YHWH God of Israel, under whose wings (KNaF) thou art come to trust. Ruth’s Trust or Faith is seen in her Lawful actions and personality of virtue, and this symbolism in Ruth’s actions are just as virtuous as Ruth seeking her place of Redemption in Boaz’s right of redemption, undoubtedly, Boaz’s family skirt was hemmed by the perfect redemptive law of YHWH, a Tartan every man should want as his family banner.
A lesson in Hebrew GauLic
Kinsman/ Redeem: GAL or GaL
Right of Redemption: GALEh
Before the Feet (ankle/shin): MR-GaL
Standard / Banner D-GaL
Uncover: GaLEh / GaLTh
Rth_3:8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet.
Rth_3:9 And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt (KNaF) over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman.
Rth 3:10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich.
Rth_3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman.
Rth 3:12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I.
There is a simply Godly truth that Boaz knew, and that, despite the passion, despite the offer, despite the allure, despite the fact that no one may have known what could happen on this intoxicated harvest night except Boaz and Ruth and the justification that Boaz may have used ‘that he would most likely have been the lawful Redeemer of Ruth and as such would have had no repercussions for his action if he were to cover Ruth with his skirt that night’.
Rather Boaz had the prescience of mind which Paul taught in
2Ti_2:5 that: if a man also strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
And that Law is found in this Numbers 27:
Num_27:8 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter.
Num 27:9 And if he have no daughter, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his brethren.
Num 27:10 And if he have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his father’s brethren.
Num 27:11 And if his father have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his kinsman that is next to him of his family, and he shall possess it: and it shall be unto the children of Israel a statute of judgment, as the LORD commanded Moses.
So it is that despite the temptation that may be easily seen in the Text, Boaz Passion for YHWH’s Law over rides his lust and even rational judgment which could have controlled him on the mater, a rational judgment which could have easily disregarded the Law and Word of YHWH.
Rth_3:13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.
THE PART OF THE KINSMAN / THE DUTY OF AN HUSBAND’S BROTHER
Deu_25:5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her.
Deu 25:6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put outH4229 MaHEh G1813 of Israel.
Deu 25:7 And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband’s brother.
Deu 25:8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her;
Deu 25:9 Then shall his brother’s wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother’s house.
Deu 25:10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.
Rth_3:14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.
Rth 3:15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.
Rth 3:16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.
Rth 3:17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law.
Rth 3:18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.
Rth_4:1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.
Rth_4:2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
Deu_16:18 Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.
Accordingly, this law is the foundational structure of Israelite Government, that is the Headship of the Elders or old men, the Judges were taken from the Natural Heads of the people with an Officer or Scribe, Naturally the Head was an Elder men who had knowledge in YHWH’s Law and was honest and wise. These Elder Judges who were Heads of Families were Naturally kin to those who lived in Bethlehem, thus they sat at the literal Gate of Judgment and the matters of the jurisdiction was committed to those Old Men who would do the best adjudicating for their kinsmen.
Rth_4:3 And he said unto the kinsman/redeemer , Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s:
Rth 4:4 And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.
Rth 4:5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance.
Rth_4:6 And the kinsman GAL said, I cannot redeem GAL it for myself, lest I mar (A-SHY-Th אשׁחית H7843 ) mine own inheritance: redeem GAL thou my right GALThY to thyself; for I cannot redeem GAL it.
lest I mar (A-SHY-Th אשׁחית H7843 )
Deu_9:26 I prayed therefore unto the LORD, and said, O Lord GOD, destroy H7843 not thy people and thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed through thy greatness, which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
Jdg_2:19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted H7843 themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.
By the purely scriptural interpretation of the word ‘mar’, it seems safe to conclude that the kinsman of Boaz who is neared than he, was afraid that Ruth and Naomi would destroy or corrupt his inheritance, in the same way the
two examples offer above, this is because the kinsman of whom Boaz is speaking does not know the virtue of Ruth, and must account her to be removed and as such she may be one who may corrupt his inheritance by her Moabite practices, much how Lot was corrupted by his life in Sodom, and the distant Benjamites had corrupted them selves.
Rth 4:7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.
Rth 4:8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.
Rth 4:9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi.
Rth_4:10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon (H4248 Sick), have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off Y-KRaTh /יכרתH3772 from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day.
While the poetic connection is present in this text of Ruth in the Hebrew it is much to complex to explain to those who do not study Hebrew, yet in the Greek I am persuaded that the LXX translators saw this Rhyme of thought and expressed it in the Greek for it’s readers as well, for those of you studying along who like such study as my self I encourage you to explore the Hebrew and Greek verse and it’s awesome poetry.
Mahlon Son of Elimelech / the Sick son of God my King has been redeemed by a New Covenant cut by Boaz / Strength
The words of Boaz’s doings are different in language but the same in reason as Deu_25:6, in the case of the letter of the law it is to keep the name in the linage, yet Boaz is a spiritual man and as such it is evident by his expression as to the Spirit of the Law, that is the phrase Y-KRaTh which is the word used in the ‘making’ of a covenant throughout the Law, that is that the name of the dead be not covenanted among his brother, this is contained in the Idea of the language, and if we remember the name Elimelech means God is my King and Mahlon the husband of Ruth means Sick, thus the symbolism of Christ’s work is yet not lost in this Kinsman redemption done by Boaz who is redeeming the line of his fallen brother Elimelech and moving Ruth and her people back into the Covenant of Israel despite the Sickness which befell her and Naomi in the land of their captivity.
Rth 4:11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:
Rth 4:12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.
Rth 4:13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.
Rth 4:14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.
Rth 4:15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him.
Rth 4:16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.
Rth 4:17 And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
Rth 4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,
Rth 4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,
Rth 4:20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon,
Rth 4:21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,
Rth 4:22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.
With this story in mind consider the context given to us by the Apostle Paul the Benjamite:
Rom_6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
Rom 6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
Rom 6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
Rom 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.
Rom 6:20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness.
Rom 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.
Rom 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Rom_7:1 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?
Rom 7:2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband.
Rom 7:3 So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.
Rom 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
Rom 7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
Rom 7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
The Redemptive power of Christ! If that is not the theme of the story of Ruth and the end of the Book of Judges I do not know what it is!
Redeemed by the blood of the lamb as the seed of Israel we are kinsman redeemed!
Ruth the friend the out cast of the removed of Benjamin was called to be the wife a sick son of God the king, and in the removed land of Moab no rest was found her or her pleasant mother in law Naomi, Yet after the death of her sick husband she bound herself to the pleasant remnant of the only thread she had to the inheritance of Israel. Ruth humbled herself as a servant to Naomi and worked out her salvation with fear and trembling before the forefather of our Lord and Christ because she knew that he was her redeemer! And in her humility and zeal she received the reward of her faith in action, she was married to another who would bring forth fruit and that fruit would raise up the tribes of Israel by her womb, by her womb we are told was the seed given a restorer of life, and that son the neighbors called Servant the son of Strength Boaz!