“The Foundation of the Temple“
This is a liturgical message delivered on the 1st week of the Lunar Month of Zif which directs our minds towards the consideration of the foundations of the Temple as per 1 Kings 6:1 & 2 Chron 3:1-2.
In this message we will give consideration to the site of the temple, why and how it was chosen, and the significance of the Temple in the Christian life for our further consideration.
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Delivered on 2-8-2022 / grego. 6-7-2022
Compiled by JS LOWTHER
The Foundation of the Temple
1Ki_6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
2Ch 3:1 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
2Ch 3:2 And he began to build in the second day of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign.
Liturgically, this last week has been a time of contemplation of the building of the temple in Jerusalem.
The choice of the Temple of Solomon’s Location in mount Moriah:
And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am.
Gen 22:2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.
Gen 22:3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.
Gen 22:4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.
Gen 22:5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.
Gen 22:6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.
Gen 22:7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?
Gen 22:8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.
Gen 22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
Gen 22:10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
Gen 22:11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.
Gen 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.
Gen 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
Gen 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
Gen 22:15 And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time,
Gen 22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:
Gen 22:17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
Gen 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
After this, for hundreds of years a family of Jebusites, the original Canaanite inhabitants of Jerusalem had settled in Moriah and it was called Jerusalem. A man by the name of Ornan, or Araunah, came to live in this place and there he had a threshing floor, a place for the processing of grain, and this was in the time of David the King where our next part of the history takes us.
If you recall David the King was punished for violating the Law of Numbering or Overseeing the People of Israel’s tribes in accordance with what we read last New Moon (2nd New Moon) as per the chronological liturgy of the giving of the Book of Numbers.
By this Law Israel was commanded to have a representative form of government, to be headed and overseen by a presbyterial Episcopate, governing the church and the state as well as the federal Sancturary. The system was clear, Heads of 10, 50, 100 and 1000s and a Levitical Scribe was assigned to ever one of these Judges as counsel, at the highest rank of this government system was to be a Head prince of every one of the 12 tribes who interacted with the federal government of Israe- all this may be seen in the book of Numbers, this was the structure and this structure would be used for ‘Numbering’ in all respects:
Judgment, Warfare, Offerings, Tithes, Vows
But Warfare is the aspect where David failed in his faithfulness to the Law of God, when Satan tempted him, as he does to all rulers, to be a tyrant and opperate outside of the Law of God and take more power than he is given to himself..
1Ch 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.
1Ch 21:2 And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it.
1Ch 21:3 And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they be: but, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel?
1Ch 21:4 Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab….
1Ch 21:7 And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.
1Ch 21:8 And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.
1Ch 21:9 And the LORD spake unto Gad, David’s seer, saying,
1Ch 21:10 Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things: choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.
1Ch 21:11 So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee
1Ch 21:12 Either three years’ famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh thee; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me.
1Ch 21:13 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great are his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man.
1Ch 21:14 So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men.
1Ch 21:15 And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
1Ch 21:16 And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.
1Ch 21:17 And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father’s house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.
1Ch 21:18 Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
1Ch 21:19 And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD.
1Ch 21:20 And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat.
1Ch 21:21 And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with his face to the ground.
1Ch 21:22 Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of this threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people.
1Ch 21:23 And Ornan said unto David, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do that which is good in his eyes: lo, I give thee the oxen also for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat offering; I give it all.
1Ch 21:28 At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there.
1Ch 21:29 For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon.
1Ch 21:30 But David could not go before it to enquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.
And so it is in all this we see that the place of Isaac’s sacrifice was then the place where God chose to have is name placed for central worship of Israel:
2Ch_3:1 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
So the mysterious and hidden will of God is shown in a way we as men certainly can not pry into too far, but what we can say, is that the finger prints of the holy one of Israel YHWH are all over this situation.
God commands Abraham, to sacrifice Isaac His only son who he gave him to be his heir, his seed, the only acceptable child born of Ab and Sarah that would carry Ab’s name into the future, and beyond this God had said “in Isaac shall thy seed be called“.
Abraham’s messianic hope, his posterities hope, his kindred hope is all wrapped up in this one son, and yet Abraham believes God so much he says he will offer him if that is what this LORD Commands.
Abraham has a special place in the making of such a decision. If we or any one else in any other capacity would choose to murder an image bearer, specially our child, even in the name of God it would be a hanus sin-worthy of death and worth of the eternal destruction, the mark of an insane murderer, deluded with the voices of angels and God commanding a violation of His own Law, but what we can logically and reasonably deduce from Ab’s and Isaac’s story is what is proclaimed in:
Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,
Heb 11:18 Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called:
Heb 11:19Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
Why is this reasonable?
Because God was the giver of Isaac, God was the promises maker of Isaac’s seed, YHWH God was the one who had been moving Abraham along this whole time, and if Abraham was truly hearing God then what Hebrews says is the only option.
The hope of the resurrection was here, and interestingly linked to Mt. Moriah.
Interestingly also, the violation of the Law of numbering revealed on the 2nd New Moon of Zif, is what caused David to end up at Mt. Moriah, which lead to Solomon starting the construction of the Temple the day after the same New Moon was given.
And yet what we know from Heb 11:19
tells us, in a way we can now consider “him from whence also he received him in a figure.”
1Pe 2:25 … the Shepherd and Oversser or Numberer of your souls. Jesus Christ.
The most relevant temple God has ever dwelt in was the tabernacle body of the flesh of Jesus the son of God, the son of Mary- the daughter of David.
And so here is where our focus should ultimately go in our consideration of these things- to the temple of the body.
In order to adduce the idea of the temple of God truly being the body of a believer, we have series of step in scripture we must move through into as in fact, the term used by Paul never is used in the bible other than by Paul and Jesus in John 2:
Joh 2:13 And the Jews’ passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
Joh_2:14 And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:
Joh 2:15 And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables;
Joh 2:16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.
Joh 2:17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.
Joh 2:18 Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
Joh 2:19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
Joh 2:20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?
Joh 2:21 But he spake of the temple of his body.
Joh 2:22 When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.
Here the figure which Abraham received in Isaac stands in the earthly temple at the place where Isaac was to be offered, and speaks of that very subject, the subject of resurrection, and how He is the true temple, in a way that seems as if they should have followed meaning.
The context of this whole circumstance is interesting in light of those things which were to be accomplished by the Bishops or Over seers of the people, they are, with the Levites, appointed the job bringing for the sacrifices to the Altar of the temple and officiating priest on behalf of the offeror- but rather what we find is Christ expelling this wicked practice, where the offering system had been made into a merchandise arena and the Word of God violated on this point, in a different way- yet again.
David as king usurped the Numbering or Oversight system and was punished with pestilence throughout the land, in these days the whole of the system was reduced to merchandise, so in fact the same law is in violation only in a different way, perhaps one more like the sin of Uzzah, a violation of convenience. A violation of the regulative principle of worship in point of its directive.
Considering what Jesus said, and looking back at Genesis 22:
Gen 22:14 … Jehovah jireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
And Here He is seen, and not only that, but he is seen there at the feast where he will be killed the following year to come.
Why did Christ answer as he did?
Why did he expel the sinful violation of the Law, and then when he is questioned for a sign, he answers, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” ?
Is he answering the question they are asking him in desiring a sign after seeing Him cast out the sinful system?
If so How?
How does the casting out of the unlawfully koshered sacrificial animals for offerings a sign of his death and resurrection, wherein he spoke of the body as a temple of God?
The only adduction I think we can see here is this, Christ’s disciple saw Psalm 69 and its surrounding context being fulfilled here:
Psa 69:7 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face.
Psa 69:8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother’s children.
Psa 69:9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
Psa 69:10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.
In this psalm’s entirely it is about being abused by others because of a zeal and love for God and His Word, including His house.
Christs response was this to the Jews asking what this Zeal meant? He said ‘destroy my flesh body, kill me and I’ll rise again’.
Christ is here not only showing us His Love for pure worship in the temple which God the Spirit showed by pattern Moses and then David via Solomon to build, but Christ is also showing us how that pure love, Zeal for God’s Law, God’s Word is a sign of God’s indwelling Spirit, and in fact that is what will get you killed, and that is in fact what will raise you up on the last day.
As we also read in
Psa 119:139 My zeal hath consumed me, because mine enemies have forgotten thy words.
And this is what happened here.
The sign Christ is showing is how that the zeal of God consumes those who are possessed of the Heavenly guest, and Christ has this spirit we are told without measure.
But what of us?
What can we take away from this lesson on Christ’s body being the most literal temple which God hath ever dwelt in?
Is it not that as we as Christians have not the building of the temple with us, but we wait for the New to come down from heaven with Christ officiating His office as the high priest that we in fact are also individually called the Temple because we are guest to the Holy Spirit of God? As well we are call but part of Christ’s body and thus his temple as ‘Livley stones to it’
1Co_3:11 For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
1Co 3:12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;
1Co 3:13 Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is.
1Co 3:14 If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
1Co 3:15 If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.
1Co_3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
1Co 3:17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
1Co 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
1Co 3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
1Co 3:20 And again, The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain.
1Co 3:21 Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours;
1Co 3:22 Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours;
1Co 3:23 And ye are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s.
1Pe 2:3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious.
1Pe 2:4 To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,
1Pe 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
1Pe 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
1Pe 2:7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,
1Pe 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
1Pe 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1Pe 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.