ReNEWed COVENANT Ministry
SABBATH BIBLE STUDY
IF we have sown unto you spiritual things,
Is it a great thing if we shall reap from you carnal things? 1Corinthians 9:11
Compiled by JS LOWTHER
In connection to the series that I had offered “why do we keep the feasts?”, this next series is offered, to help further support and encourage the Israel of God in her return to YHWH’s ordained worship according to the Scriptures.
I’d like to add that last year around this time I had offered as series on
As well as, just a few months back, I had more so established a systematic reason for keeping the feast as Christians under the New Covenant in the series:
How Do We Keep the Feasts?
By Keeping the 14th of the Month of ABIB
2Pe_1:2-8 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesu(s) our Lord, According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. For if these things be in you, and abound, for they make neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesu(s) Christ.
Lev_23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover.
Lev 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Lev 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Lev 23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
In this particular section of this series we are going to start looking at the day of Passover and it’s interaction with the Feast/cHaG of Unleavened Bread.
Notice in verse 5 the reading without the italics of the KJV, and that of In the 14th of the first month at even, YHWH’s Passover. However this reading is not totally accurate in regards to it’s a literal reading, nor is Young’s, as it pertains to the Hebrew text, and this is mostly due to the understanding of how days are reckoned by Biblical law. And so the primary difference in the Hebrew understanding is where the definite article ‘the’ appears in the Hebrew text as ‘eH’ or ‘Ha’ and that is in regards to the ‘THE Evenings’, and in the Hebrew as well as most other literal texts like Young’s Literal Translation they also translate the word BIN /בין which means ‘between’ in the text whereas the KJV does not mention it here. A very literal translation of the text offers ‘The Month of the begining, in the 14th of that month between the evenings Passover is to YHWH’.
It can be seen why the English translators had left this reading out it’s a bit awkward. However, the point of bringing all of this up is to call attention to the aspect of ‘between the evenings’ – a plurality of evenings to indicate 1 day, the 14th day of the head, beginning, starting- 1st month.
Contrary to the way we speak about it, Passover or PaSceH is only on the 14th day of the month ‘between the evenings’: in a biblical mindset a day is encased in the evenings, that is literally the portion of time in a whole day. Evening is when the light blends with night around the time the stars appear, from one to the other. In this case concerning the 14th day, which shares an evening with the 13th day of the month as a start of the 14th day, and then this same process happens at the evening of the 14th day as it transitions or mixes into the 15th as well, and that time between the evenings is ‘The evenings of YHWH’s passover’ on the Head Month of the Year.
Why does it say it so specifically? or an objecting question is often phrased, Why did God have to say it that way if the people always understood it like that?
And the Answer is the same regardless of how the question is phrased, Because YHWH is reminding us, knowing we will need this understanding and formula to return in times like today: when we repent and put away our pride and self will and turn to the scripture for guidance we have these Words to study and understand, and when we are obedient and YHWH minded we can just simply read it and understand it and apply it.
I am sure YHWH knew, as Moses also knew that different peoples understood how the lights indicate time differently as well, and so YHWH used Moses to scribe these words for the same reason all other scripture is written in this very way, as Moses said in Deu_31:29 after his death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days…
And so we have this instruction as to the use of the evening in relationship here to Passover but this same thing is seen in every law which deals with biblical time, that is that evening is the dividing time between whole days which exist between the two evenings, from creation on.
And so by this standard we are aided in determining which ‘between The evenings is Pascha to YHWH’.
This is important to remember as we see how this works with the Lord’s Last Supper and on what day he ate with his disciples and how the 3 days of the crucifixion is counted and why in our consideration it is also important to understand why certain texts say what they do regarding the timing of passover, both in the law and in the other testaments of scriptural testimony.
Let us go to the primary text’s of Exo_12:1 through Exo_13:9 for understanding of Passover is as this day of the 14th of the Head month is declared to be upon (if you notice the way this is phrased in Lev 23 it is giving no particular ordinance or command as what to do, but only that what is to happen happens at this time, and so the only ordinance the text of Lev_23:5 offers is that of the timing as happening after the evening of the 14th, but specificly between the evenings targeting the 14th.
And so many questions will be answered from this text which are assumed to be know in Lev_23:5 ,
Exo_12:1-2 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
Notice: This text assumes also, that you know when the first month of the year is as it speaks in the first person to the individual Child of Israel, and in the first utterance which this is recording, from YHWH to Moses and Aaron and then from them to Israel; this command went forth, that “this ‘Month’ /this ‘cHoDeSh’ /this renewal or New Moon is the Head / start / beginning of the Moonths, this is your (possessive) Head month.
And so before understanding this we must then as when is this Head month in time? how and from what description can we attain an answer. First is a quote which we are going to jump to within this text as it was relayed but which technically happened in the chronology of the Exodus after Israel had celebrated the Passover, and that is in:
Exo_13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.
The name by which Moses call’s this first new moon is ABIB, and in the LXX Greek texts the word ABIB is here translated ‘the month of New’ or ‘Neon’ in the Greek text, which does not help much at all in understanding the meaning.
So it is to the Hebrew Concept we are shifted back to try and attain a usage of this word from the language of scripture, particularly before the Exodus to help describe this new month or this month of ABIB, which is the Head New Moon of the Torah based year for Israel.
ABIB is not an isolated incident: This Head month or New month being called from this time forward in the Law of YHWH the Month of ABIB in the Hebrew, these verses we will read as we continue, but they are Exo_23:15, Exo_34:18; Deu_16:1-3, and they are all reckoned in the LXX as the month of New, which all the English translations create in English ‘New Corn’ or ‘New produce’. And so this leads us exactly to our answer verse from Exo_9:31-32 , where in the Exodus chronology YHWH shows his sovereign Lordship over the earth by sending plagues and one of those plagues was of Hail and Rain, and so we are told “And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled. But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up. ”
Notice how in this text it says “the barley was in the ear…”, this text in Hebrew uses the word eH-ABIB where our KJV says ‘the ear’, and here in the Greek text it uses the word Pare-stakuia meaning ‘right-standing’ or ‘having stalk’, thus the stalk was broken and the barley was smitten.
And so it is here the conclusion is able to be drawn between what the meaning of this month is, it is ‘the New Month of Barley Ears’, this is at the stage where the stalk is formed and the ear is developed enough to be smitten or broken, and this Agricultural phenomenon will correspond in any area Barley can be grown by being planted before the winter last. That is the Barley is sown in the fall or late winter and by the heavenly impacts of light upon the earth as is called photo-synthesis, that is when a plant has enough sun light to develop by the yearly sun as it interacts with a particular location, it will produce a standard and measurable agricultural year by the lights of Heaven, particularly the sun and stars in conjunction one of the other, as we read about in Egypt and North in Canaan. (Barley harvest set the calendar year in many ancient cultures, particularly of the ancient Adamic Middle east.)
Furthermore, before leaving off on this time of the ‘Head of the Year’ as measured by the ABIB of Barley, it is important to consider in forethought the other festivals and there correspondence to local Agriculture as well, such as:
• the First fruits of the wheat harvest or feast of weeks
• the feast of ingathering or Tabernacles
There is a reason why all the feasts have multiple names, particularly
• an agricultural name
• a celebratory name
• a timing name
These three are triune in nature and all point to one feast, in a triangulation.
While Israel worshiped as a consolidated people in the land of Canaan with a central location, the feast would have been set at such a time that was able to offer worship by the law by these agricultural requirements commanded by the Law for all Israel from North to South.
At the time we find ourselves in today, that is that in the time of Diaspora, and in the time scattering as spoken of Deu_30:1-4, we are going to find ourselves in diverse areas concerning this reckoning and while in the future councils could resolve this difference maybe? At this time it is important to align ‘all that are ours’ with the scriptures and ‘gather them into our gate’ at the times appointed, as best we can ascertain from the scriptures in conjunction with reality as taught by the lights of Heaven and its impact upon the Earth as a sign and witness.
This will lead individual congregations to worship at different times of the year from one and other, but this is by no means to be considered disunity, if it is all our focus as a whole to get back to living out YHWH’s Law in reality we are truly united in Christ. Consider, when you keep the lunar based system, as the appointed seasons of YHWH’s Sabbath if it is done in an agreeable way, the only difference which occurs is what Moonth is our New Moon of ABIB.
In other words the New Moon in Florida may produce new Barley a month earlier than in N. Virginia, and that to New England, and I am not sure what you guys arctic lands can do!
But this is not disunity if we all are aiming for accurate worship.
As this study continues, it will be shown by the commandment how the Alignment of Agriculture and regional climate will affect the annual feasts, that beyond the Sabbath and new moon stage.
And so in ending this message reconsider what the verse we read first says:
Lev 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover.
We now should understand that the first or head month of the year in reference is the New month of ABIB , which occurs when the Barley is in the ear and hardened stalk.
This is not going to be what you find most people who keep a day called Passover or Easter doing, many keep feasts purely by an association made with the spring in one capacity or the other, and I respect those who do so from the sincerity from their heart, and for some of those worshipers the Barley will work for them by their reckoning in their location, but it is my conviction which I offer you, that if you don’t have Barley there is no ABIB:
• No Abib? There is no month of ABIB,
In continuance to the feast of first fruits of the wheat harvest,
• No Wheat to harvest? There is No first fruits of Wheat harvest.
• Nothing to Ingather? There is no Feast of Ingathering.
So, wither you think we are wierd or out of line concerning this subject this is the best way this makes sence in reality in order to truly see what the feasts represent.
An Agricultural based feast will show how reality or substance is important in fulfilling the understanding of why we keep the feasts as well as How as a people. Meaning that it is important to allow the Agricultural implications to make impact on feastivity, one of the reasons I feel so strongly concerning this aspect is because of how gnosticly spiritualized the feasts have become, that is that by ‘having the spirit of the law’ (as the phrase runs), the law is known. But infact both the visable aspects of the feast are importand, and in understanding the month of ABIB this point is even more relavant, because when you or I can learn spiritual concepts from this physical and material world God has given us it gives us signs to learn from, which are fully YHWH inspiered. That is by seeing Barley in the state of ABIB allows us to understand it’s meaning, by baking a fresh loaf of leavened wheat bread made from that years wheat crop that came into season exactly when the feast of weeks is celibrated is refreshing to my soul, and to celebrate the ingathering of the harvests YHWH has given me at the end of an agricultural year makes perfect sense as to why the feast of ingathering happens after, not before, but when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.
And so I’d like to end with this reading of scripture:
Exo_23:14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.
Exo 23:15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)
Exo 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field:
And the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.
Exo 23:17 Three times in the year all thy males (remember-ers) shall appear before the Lord YHWH.
The statment “none shall appear before me empty” in verse 15 in regards to ABIB is found in Exo_23:15; Exo_34:20; Deu_16:16.
This aspect of the law on a physical level of bringing not allegorical offerings but of the righteous bringing substance of flour and oil and wine as the scripture shows is the case when the temple stood, makes it necessary that these agricultural aspects of the calendar year are not to be taken lightly, because if this principle is spiritualized to the point of Gnostic observance, that is un-material necessity, the males who appeared would have arrived empty.
And so do we bring tithe to the priests? No
Do we bring offerings demanded for the Altar? No
We do not do so due to Lev_17:1-6, as it would be a sin to sacrifice blood in any capacity, or a meat offering in any capacity which the law has given to a Levite-priests as his portion and place upon the altar, thus this law is suspended, and our faith is in the expiation of Christ’s blood for those demands of the Law for righteousness. Nevertheless, this fact of spiritual reality does not change the agricultural impact that the Law demands consta(n)t-ivly by this law upon our material reality.
For a great commentary concerning the meaning of these verses is important in how those people who had this system understood it’s meaning as it exactly corroborates with David, Christ and Paul’s statement of the same nature as spoken in Sir_35:1-20.
It is an awesome look at how like the Lord says, Mat_5:23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;
Mat 5:24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
Since the Lord gave instruction for those to sacrifice aright upon the altar, is this command not even more bearing upon we who put our trust in the blood of Christ for the injunction for our sin and as our gift, and the only blood that can forgive upon the true heavenly altar, as “The offering of the righteous that makes the altar fat…”