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SABBATH BIBLE STUDY
IF we have sown unto you spiritual things,
Is it a great thing if we shall reap from you carnal things? 1Corinthians 9:11
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Compiled by JS LOWTHER
In connection to the series that I had offered “why do we keep the feasts?”, this next series is offered, to help further support and encourage the Israel of God in her return to YHWH’s ordained worship according to the Scriptures.
I’d like to add that last year around this time I had offered as series on
THE LORD’S SUPPER
Sacrament of the Faith of Jesus Christ
As well as, just a few months back, I had more so established a systematic reason for keeping the feast as Christians under the New Covenant in the series:
How Do We Keep the Feasts?
In accordance with the Gospel, without ever deviating from it,
But keeping to the Rule of Faith.
2Pe_1:2-8 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesu(s) our Lord, According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. For if these things be in you, and abound, for they make neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesu(s) Christ.
How do we keep the feasts?
By keeping the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month, in accordance with the Gospel, without ever deviating from it, but keeping to the rule of faith.
The above answer to How do we keep the feasts? Is the answer given by Polycrates, which he gave those who were attempting to terrify him by questioning if he truly regulated his conduct in obedience to the Lord Jesus as to the keeping of Passover on the day appointed by the Gospel and God’s.
(of the forgotten men of Christendom in history , Polycrates holds a special place in my heart on account of his zeal for Keeping God’s Law and his love for Christ against the odds.)
The portion of the template we are continuing to focus on is:
Lev_23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month between the evenings is the LORD’S passover.
Lev_23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
This very aspect of keeping the Passover is first revealed to us in
Exo_12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
Prior I had hoped to established the precedent for an Agricultural based year, and how that reality is important in fulfilling the understanding of How we keep the feasts? Meaning, that it is important to allow the Agricultural implications to make impact on festivity. And in that same way we are going to move on to the next portion of the preparation of the day which is Passover day with in the evenings that the 14th day shares with the 13th day on its beginning on one side and that which the 14th shares with the 15th day on the ending side, and continue to move through the text of Exodus 12 and allow it to speak for itself and then I will help expose the meaning and application of How we follow these rules of faith:
Exo_12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
Exo 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
Exo 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
So the first part of this section in verses 3-4 tells us of 3 important features of keeping the passover in this first month upon the 14th day between the evenings before that time arrives, in this case we see:
1. This word is sent to the congregation of Israel.
a. the word congregation is the Hebrew word ODeTh which is directly related to the concept of covenant and testament, as in the united parties of a contract or covenant, this is the some idea expressed in the Greek word synagogue, sun- to unite and ago- move, to move together, the idea is of the children of Israel, who are united in covenant, this automatically excludes those who are not Israelites as the primary focus here and those who are not in covenant and thus witness of YHWH’s worship as Israel.
2. that the selection of a lamb shall happen on the 10th day, that is as specified prior between the 9th at evening and the 10th at evening, the time in between is in focus, any time in that night or day.
a. that this selection is done by households of fathers, 1 lamb, for 1 house. This is not symbolic, this is not spiritual Israel, this is literal, we are speaking of son’s of Israel in covenant with one and other as the gathered people of YHWH, who are going to be gathering in holy convocation within their house hold gates (so to speak), and this is that families meal on that 1st holy convocation coming.
b. yet if the household is too small for eating all that lamb then neighbors or friends, with in the same congregation, can come under or into the house hold of the other selecting the lamb, and thus into his Patriarchal house, the amount of neighbors of the congregation of the children of Israel are dependent upon the size of the lamb and how many he can feed, according to the number of men, women and children which may be enough to eat the lamb. This indicates that many neighbors can join together, but it is one lamb per house, not 2 lambs per house, if you need two you aren’t keeping passover correctly, if you need two lambs you need 2 houses, because it says “a lamb for a house”, and when another family comes to celebrate the Passover you are preparing for on this 10th day by selecting the lamb, it is into the house of that father you have come, it is his house, his lamb, his duty to provide for it, you are a guest, as the text says : “let him and his neighbour next unto his house…”, the reason for the him and his is because the command is focusing upon the householder.
3. Here is what you are selecting, a lamb which is complete or whole, simply a natural healthy animal, this relates all of the scripture pertaining to livestock which the scripture tells us of: Lev_19:19 would imply a pure lamb, not a cross breed, not one castrated or withered as it is to be a male only, not one that is blind or broken boned, or lamb, but a good animal, a lamb you would bring before the LORD sovereign for his holy convocation.
a. a male as stated, not female, of the first year, that is a son of a year and it is my understanding that this would be based off of the teeth, which sheep and goats both have particular teeth patterns that indicate age, and the word Year is shanah and shin is the word for tooth shin or plural shinim, which is only a poetic supposition, nevertheless this is a timeless way to know the age and health of cattle.
b. this lamb can be a sheep or a goat, meaning it is a yearling goat or sheep
In Exo_12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill “the passover”.
Notice: This is the criteria of selecting the Lamb is the focal point of the Passover day, the main meal which is discussed next is referred to in Scripture as ‘eating the passover’; you can not kill a day, thus it is the victim killed for the feast starting that night after evening.
(Exo_12:11, Exo_12:43, Jos_5:11, 2Ch_30:18, Mat_26:17, Mar_14:12-14, Luk_22:15, Joh_18:28 )
As we will see in the scripture to come in verses 11 and 43, the focus of keeping the passover is the eating of the passover.
Exo_12:6 And ye shall keep it (the passover lamb) up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
Exo 12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
Exo 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
Further understanding of how this is done is in:
Exo 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
Exo 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.
1. the” it” in Exo_12:6 is of the selected lamb killed on passover day, which is the 14th of the beginning New Moon of ABIB in between the evenings, this point looks at this aspect of accurately Identifying the Lamb selected to be killed as ‘the Passover’, we don’t have to say ‘the passover lamb’, the text clearly identifies the focus of this event as ‘the Passover’, which specifically refers to the lamb selected on day 10 and killed on day 14 and eaten after evening of the 14th rendering that night the sabbath day of the 15th and the day the feast (chag) of Unleavened bread begins on that 7th day of the week or sabbath day set aside for holy convocation after 6 working days, of which the last working day was passover day the 14th day of the first (same) month, the day in which the slaughter of the Passover happens between the evenings (plural) and all the work involved in preparing the feast starting after evening that night.
2. on this 14th day the blood of this lamb slaughtered is placed upon the door frame, top and sides, Is there a symbolic meaning to this? Sure just think about it, long enough you’ll come up with something. But we should stop focusing on allegorical interpretations that reason away the clear scripture as a memorial of the Passover and of the blood of Christ shed on Passover literally.
a. the most important fact (I don’t use that word lightly) concerning this sacrifice of the Passover and it’s blood being placed upon the door- is that :In comparison to all prior sacrifices, that is the killing of a lamb or goat as worship to YHWH, is that which was prior mentioned, that is it is entirely eaten by the congregation worshiping and not a priest, nor is it a whole burnt offering as the patriarchs had given, but this is dinner, it’s a meal, it’s a communion of the saints. And Why this is relevant to this point is because, the blood of this lamb, the Passover, is on the door frame of father’s houses, the blood is not upon the altar or an altar, nor is it commanded at all to be there, and this element of memorial is evidence to the point that this is a sacrifice or slaughter distinct from the priesthood of Lev_17:1-6.
b. Some say, we don’t need to do this because Christ’s blood is upon us now, and again, reminder, Christ’s blood was upon the keepers of this passover too!
Proof text: Heb_11:26-28 By Faith Moses…Esteemed the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt… and Through faith he kept the passover…
3. Exo_12:8 – the Passover ,which is in fact the lamb’s flesh, is to be eaten THAT NIGHT, after evening, is to be roast with fire and no other way, all day of the 14th after the lamb is slaughtered. You don’s eat it uncooked, or cooked any other way than roasted with fire,
And beside the Lamb’s flesh (the focus) is the:
a. unleavened bread
b. bitter herbs
They, the congregation shall eat it.
Exo_12:9 Eat not of it (the lambs flesh, the Passover) raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.
Exo 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of IT until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
Exo 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover.
Exo_12:9 tells us that you only cook the lamb roast with fire: a fire pit, an oven big enough a grill: with fire
We use a fire pit every year, we use a heat shroud to keep it dry from rain and to reflect the heat, we put the whole lamb, on a steel grate that can be carried into the eating house and placed on a table and served for dinner after evening
Our Congregation holds that the head is kept on the animal as it is connected by bones, the spine, however we gut the animal emptying the entrails and stomach (as one would field dress a dear if familiar with hunting) but we leave the upper cavity full of the heart and lungs and so forth, because it allows for it, and it keeps the lamb from over cooking; the pertinence or entrails we burn it in the fire beside the cooking area with every thing else of the animal, his wool or hair and any part of the pertinence removed in preparation, of course this does not include any bones, because that is specifically said to be left unbroken, however in the roasting with fire process some bones at times burn through or fall through the grate through cooking and that is just simply the fire doing it’s job, no extra care needs to keep that from happening it is not broken (which specifically is more so referring to the eating, and not the cooking any how) and it falls specifically into the category arraigned for it by YHWH, Exo 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
And so, verse Exo_12:11 tells us that we are to eat this meal in haste and ready
we personally often times:
a. are fully dressed
b. and wearing shoes
c. have a staff in our hand and beside us while we eat
…Because this is YHWH’s passover!
Exo_12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
Next is unleavened bread which I am going to save for the next part, yet further pertaining to Passover, it’s day on the 14th between the evenings, and it’s flesh being eaten on the night after, which is truly the 15th day, the sabbath and the holy convocation upon the 7th day of the week are negative laws, laws which prohibit and restrict certain things or except certain things under certain conditions and situations, and of course all of this Law will categorize in aspects which we have focused upon prior, but are expressed in this context.
Exo_12:42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt:
I. This is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. (Israel is the focus, the generation is a different way to speak of generating from ones father, and thus fit with the ‘every man according to the house of his father, as well as the 4th commandment pertaining to every man honoring there mother and father and to the point of ‘all that are thine (meaning owned, or having under a father’s headship.)
Exo_12:43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover:
1. There shall no stranger’s son eat thereof /לא־יאכל בו כל־בן־נכר/ This lit. says, all children of Strangers
he word BeN is not translated in the common KJV text, but this is speaking specifically of the Children of an other People, not of Israel’s son’s, not a Hebrew of Abraham’s children or seed, not a relative to the Israelite families, and some suggest that this specific word indicates a racial alien altogether, that is the NeKaR which finds it’s opposite in ANeKI which is the Hebrew word for Me or I, and this is acknowledging a simple distinction in generations from ‘one who does not like me’. And in that way, this is a racial or ethnic stranger, being strange to you and your congregation.
However, here is exception
A. Exo 12:44 But if every man’s servant :
a. that is bought for money,
b. when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.
So even of the most remote of strangers, the furthest removed is only allowed to eat the passover if he is purchased or owned by payment, we call this slavery, that owned servant of the house of a father of the congregation of the children of Israel can eat the meal after he is circumcised as a servant to that man’s house
This does not make this man or woman an Israelite, because they are genetically the children of a strange people that doesn’t look like you, plain and simple, this is no case for spiritual Israelites it’s a case for Biblical slavery according to the Torah, a Law which has a specific national or ethnic people in focus and only allows appendages to that people under Headship Law. Simply, if you aren’t a slave bought with money you are not welcomed as a stranger to the festivities of a particular man’s house hold. So if a Torah preacher tells you there are no restrictions from Passover they are intentionally taking away from the law and or adding to as well, there are negative laws and they are based on ethnicity and ownership. (regardless of how this plays out in our modern context, this is the Law)
2. Exo_12:45 A foreigner – is specifically an outsider of any ethnic status that is pitching his tent or dwelling in ones land, you could compare this to Abraham pitching /ישׁב / his tent in Canaan in Gen_13:12. Y’ShaB is the word for resting or sitting, and a ToShaB / תושׁב is one who does this act.
3. and an hired servant – one who you hire, an employee of these 2 categories, An Ethnic relative or a Stranger, if you pay them personally and they are employed by you they… shall not eat thereof.
Notice the break in thought hear inserted before discussing the status of non-congregational people.
II. Exo 12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.
Exo 12:47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
This is placing the congregation of Israel as the focus of this section of ordinances with the servant bought with money as the only appendage to the literal sons of Israel. And the house hold the lamb is eaten in as the focus, thus 1 lamb for 1 house, all eating together it in that 1 house, and thus you can’t divide the lamb and take it to the servant quarters, or to the kid’s house.
And so to all of this specified the last layer is added, to be applied to your children,
1. or to YOUR Neighbor- though he is Not an Ethnic stranger because ‘he is like you’ he is coming into your house, with in thy gates thus he is a stranger or sojourner there.
2. or the son of a Stranger that is bought with money coming in to your house for this night.
To ‘you’ (the one and his house in focus) all of these categories are different levels of ‘stranger’s’ to your father’s house, they are all not part of your natural generated house hold, they are of another-generation, as father’s son’s would be gathering unto their father, until there are too many to eat the lamb, thus ‘every man will make account for the lamb according to his eating.”
A. So this last mention qualifies all of these categories:
Exo_12:48 And when a stranger or , traveler, sojourner shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD: Let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land:
B. for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.
Exo_12:49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.
Now notice that in Exo_12:49 there are only 2 categories for eating this meal. Native or homeborn, the Hebrew considers this the literal ‘ sprouted-seed’ of a father as the focus of the law.
The ‘stranger’, here is a different word and meaning than Exo_12:44 with the Hebrew ‘GuR’ is dealing with one who sojourns or travels; and according to the chapter’s context, Where is this traveler traveling to?
To your house in this context, now in the future this will deal with Israel’s land as a whole, but in this context and of the categories of permitted Passover keepers to eat within ‘thy gate’ or door, covered by the Passover’s blood,
There is only one of all that is permitted that leaves his gates or doors to come to your house, especially in Egypt where this law is given
1. Neighbors or Friends of your Ethnic brothers, and children of your people, who are traveling to your house to keep the feast with you are the proselytizes or travelers mentioned as coming into your gates.
2. and Servants bought with money of the son’s of the strangers, who are people that are NOT like you would enter your specific home or quarters perhaps differently this night than at other times and may qualify.
Thus they are acceptations to this law as part of your fathers house.
To fortify this position the selth as it is see multiple times in Exo_12:23 which means ‘ to enter’ (eiselthein) is used as a verb to ‘come forward’ in pro-selyte in the LXX, specifically referencing the door covered with the sign of blood, that is the door one ‘comes through’ on this night.
Exo 12:50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
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