SABBATH BIBLE STUDY
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Compiled by JS Lowther
ReNEWed COVENANT Ministry
Thou shalt not Covet thy Neighbour’s house,
Thou shalt not Covet thy neighbour’s wife,
Nor his manservant, nor his maidservant,
Nor his ox, nor his ass,
Nor Any Thing That is Thy Neighbour’s.
Exodus 20:17 / Deuteronomy 5:21
There is no significant difference in the Hebrew text of Exodus from that of Deuteronomy for the purpose of this compilation to draw attention to,The Hebrew verb and nouns through out the text of both are identicle, English word desire as found in the place of Covet in Exodus is as well the same Hebrew word: HeMaD.
HeMaD is translated neutrally and context defines the word as to a positive or negative. Yet there is one thing to be noticed that in seemingly every instance HeMaD can swiftly become evil in it’s context, no matter how innocent the desire, coveting, pleasure is, with in the back drop of every situation is the looming Evil of it’s desire beyond Justice or Righteousness.
In the Greek the word Epi-Thumeh-seis / επιθυμησεις G1937 is a compound word constructed into a verb, which is that of epi- added to the root word to show supper-imposition, this is still done in English words taken from Greek which we still use (Epidemic, epilogue, epitomize), that is: on, upon in the sense of beyond (G1909) + the word Thume , a word which in scripture is used to signify the essence of a matter or situation, it is the word used to describe God’s pondering on why he made wicked Adam in the earth Gen_6:6 , it is the essence of Esau’s anger against Jacob Gen_27:45, the longing of Jacob towards his fathers house Gen_31:30, as well it is essence of the inscents of the altar of YHWH Exo_25:6, the word indicates as our English still shows the ‘Theme’ of the situation, thus together this word shows the epi-theme, it is ‘beyond the theme’ the intensity of the theme. A related word, Epithem, in medical terms this a word still understood as a medical treatment to be applied externally, An external application of a topical medicine. Such as a liquid in which cloth is dipped for pain relief or healing, to be applied to an area of the body in need of treatment. Offering the Idea of placing the substance to aid upon the area; as well if the liquid in which the cloth was dipped were damaging to an area it would nevertheless be a epithem, yet not for the purpose of healing, but rather for the purpose of causing illness.
SIN is an ILLNESS,
it starts with Epithumesis
In the Greek construct of the 10 Commandments, as was discussed concerning Adultery, and in noticeable distinction from the Hebrew construct, Killing, Adultery, Stealing, False witness, and Covetousness are all converted into conditions; as we would understand it’s grammatical construct today, that is all of the words describing the forbidden act have the ending of ‘σεις ‘ seis ‘ or ‘εις eis ‘ , thereby rendering the commandment as a forbiddence towards a conditional behavior, such as we may understand other Greek words in English, one who has the condition of Arthritis has affliction to what was once refereed to as the Artus, arteries of the limbs, one who has Paralysis, the inability to move, is the affliction of one with a Palsy, one who has the condition of Narcosis is want to use a Narcotics or to be overly tiered, sleepy.
This choice of wording makes the prior commands including this 10th commandment a condition as well.
As the people of Scriptural Covenant, one is assumed by birth into the covenant of ones parents, this may lead to the blessing of righteousness in obedience or curse by wicked disobedience and rejection (Lev 26:44-45), yet one who is born to Parents of the Covenant are covenant children in the flesh, and before them lay a choice: to become a spiritual child of the covenant, by placing the WORD of YHWH in ones heart and mind and inward parts or to take on the body of sin and death contrary to the body of the resurrected Christ by an infectious illness which treatens the health and Common-Wealth of Israel, yea, the which is the core of the Common-Wealth, as the Ecclasia / Church as the Body of Christ can not be affected by such illness, rather when such a illness is allowed to persist with in the epidermis of the body, that is the outer layer who is member to the Common-Wealth by mere parentage and not by the personal New Covenant of Christ; those outer portions must be removed from the Common body as not to destroy the Wealth when the infection is made manifest! The Condition and illness found in this conclusionary 10th Commandment is damning and dangerous, while it’s symptoms are hidden in there early stages with in the heart and mind full of Lust or Covetousness, desire or pleasure in those things which are not intended for the families of Israel to be engaged in, it is by this same illness of Covetousness that the wicked are allowed to persist in close proximity to the Body of Christ, thereby causing the Church to be bed mates with a body of death and causing the infection to become transferable by it’s lack of self treatment with the healing power of the Spirit of God.
The Ambassador Paul admonishes us to:
Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts / Covetousness thereof. Rom_6:12
Specifically, The Commandment speaks of Coveting that which is thy neighbors, as the word was used prior it is used now, with in the common-Wealth what is our neighbors is his, by the Lawful Right given by God as a Citizen, this Law aims to curb secession of God’s Kingdom contained with in the Common-Wealth of Israel’s inheritance, not only of possessions but of Covenant and Law give to the Congregation of Jacob (Deu_33:4) In Coveting that which is thy neighbors we covet that which YHWH’s has given others with in the Common-Wealth beside thee: His wife, His House, His servants, His animals or anything that is his truly. It is this Covetousness that fuels all sin contrary to the LAW, even by coveting any thing which is thy neighbors, calls upon covetousness directed towards a Kingdom of neighbors or brothers who posses the whole of God’s Law as an inheritance, thus implicating sin upon one who covets the breaking of those Commandments which seemingly to our fleshly mind only pertain to our personal relationship with YHWH; yet by moving beyond covetousness and manifesting sin in our actions we literally rob the Common-Wealth of it’s blessing and inheritance by God’s Law.
It is with this mind honed in on this illness that this last and 10th Commandment of the Common Law is spoken of by biblical context, as in the often mentioned poetry of Almighty God, this 10th command lay at the core of the very first ill against YHWH God the creator, a sin which sought to replace the very power of He Who Is God.
A people of Self Dominion
Ruled by the Law of YHWH GOD
The account of Genesis and the Origins of Adamic society is the pedigrees of the Ordained Common Law of ‘He who rules with God’ or ‘Israel’, it is this concept which was the intention of the dominion or governance mandate of Gen 1:26-28, and this conceptual title is found in the name given to Jacob and his son’s in the name of I-SR-AEL.
Covetousness is in the heart and mind, it is the beginning and the end of self government, that is the Governing of ones self, which is basis upon which all Commandments and Laws of God are kept, ignored or abandoned by the will of man; by the giving of this will to choose whom we will serve the nature of the spiritual likeness and image is perceived, it is at the aim of covetousness, desire or pleasure that the will of the inward man is made know and the will of the flesh made evident. It is here that Covetousness with in this Society is the Engine of both life and death, Good and Evil, blessing and cursing.
(EPITHUMET’ICAL, a. [Gr.] Inclined to lust; pertaining to the animal passion. Webster’s 1828)
Covetousness /HeMaD, is first referenced
Gen_2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put those of the ADaM whom he had formed. (reference the LXX, and the Hebrew of Deu_5:24, Isa_6:12, Zec_11:6 as example of how this is not refering to one man named Adam)
Gen_2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
This country where Adam Folk were set to tend and till, there was grown pleasant or coveted crops and trees, beautiful in sight, good for food, as well in ADaM’s native land were 2 very special trees: Life, and Knowledge: of course we know Knowledge teaches Good and Evil.
(after the description of the home land, the native land it is told of ADaM’s Garden)
Gen_2:15 And the LORD God took the ADaM, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
Gen 2:16 And the LORD God commanded the ADaM, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
Gen_2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
So, according to Gen_2:9 this tree which is forbidden, The Knowledge of Good and Evil, is a pleasant or coveted tree, but it’s effect is death to ADaM in the day he eats of it.
This is where at this time ADaM is in the Garden of the Lord, he is given provisions of food, yet he is required even at this time work, tend or till this Garden to maintain his life, as well ADaM is given dominion.
YHWH God tells the ADaM, ‘it’s all yours except for that tree, that 1 tree is mine, you can have all the others and the tree of Life, but that one tree is mine alone’ As creator YHWH God has this Right of course to reserve for Him self any thing he desired, and what YHWH desired was the knowledge of Good and Evil reserved to Him self, it was His property, and stigma attached to that tree, regardless of what the opinion on the physical make up of that tree is, it’s stigma is it’s YHWH’s, He coveted it to be His Own, His pleasure, delight or covetousness, it was His property, it was His plain and simple.
And as ADaM was made in the image and likeness of God it was as well pleasant, desirable and coveted as beautiful to the senses of ADaM as well, as to what was desired is the focus is found in the next portion of the Holy text:
Gen_3:1 Now the serpent (Eh-NaHeS, or Gk. Opis: referencing a literal Serpent type creature) was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Gen 3:2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
Gen 3:3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
Gen 3:4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
Gen_3:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
Gen_3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good (desirable) for food, and that it was pleasant (good) to the eyes, and a tree to be desired (Coveted) to make wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
And for the present record, the serpant was not lying about the affect of the fruit of the tree, the eating of knowledge, as to open ADaM’s eyes as God’s to know good and evil, as YHWH himself says:
Gen 3:22 And YHWH God said, Behold, the ADaM is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:..
Consider Gen_3:6, this is a place where the pleasantness of this particular forbidden tree is described, wat it’s desire was, it’s pleasantness it’s Covetousness: this covetousness was spelled out and well defined by the angelic serpant, angelic, I say because this Serpent was a messenger, made by YHWH, accourding to Gen_3:1 “more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made”. Like the story of Balaam’s ass, who’s mouth was opened to persuade the madness of the YHWH fearing prophet Balaam, this Serpents mouth was opened for one reason, a reason the text clearly told us:
Gen 3:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
God used this subtle beast to prove, test or try the ADaM. The Serpent plays the role of the divine revelation, an anomaly that is undoubtedly God sent, and it was, a situation so bazaar that the woman and man who partook of the situation would have to knowledgeably engage, willfully engage, that is as is shown in the woman’s contemplation of self convincing, it is description of the cognition of every action we make against another’s possessions as well as those things God has forbid his people to partake it by his parental guidance: personal desire, personal pleasure, selfishness, to the end of personal deification or heart placed Idolatry. (Leading us back to the first and second commandment, full circle.)
…believe not every spirit, but try the spirits…
…or an angel from heaven…
Gal_1:8 / 1Jn_4:1
Consider the Serpents part as described in
Deu_13:1 If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder,
Deu_13:2 And the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them;
Deu 13:3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
Deu 13:4 Ye shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him.
Paul as well teaches this same truth:
2Th_2:9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,
2Th 2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
2Th 2:11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
2Th_2:12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
In the case of our fore bearers of ADaM Folk, they did not love the truth of God’s Word, thet didn’t believe it by Faith, they didn’t trust YHWH when He said “for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”.
Thus no matter where the Covetousness comes from, even if from an angel from heaven, the Word of YHWH is greater, and is sustained, the simplicity of thou shalt and thou shalt not thwarts the non-commanded constructive inferences of any approach seemingly contrary to the Word of God.
The desire we have to take for our own pleasure is being curbed by this 10th Common Law in our heart and mind, before it is manifest in our life by our coupling Covetousness, desire or pleasure’s pull with the actual committing of any other Commandment: Killing, Adultery, Stealing or False witness agaist our neighbor.
And while not directly applied by the 10th Commandment, it is undoubtedly implied by the context of the word and it’s first case example as shown in the Account of Genesis as well as that which is seen beyond the pentauch that Coventing to Not Worship YHWH by Idolitry, Vanity, Ignoring the Sabbath, or Dishonoring Parents is as well Sin, which have it’s wage to be payed as Death in it’s manifestation.
Like Brute beasts made to be…
A Society that practices Covetousness is a society that has tasted of the forbidden fruit of desire and pleasure, which in and of it’s self is a heart and mind set that is not easily curbed. Like a brute beast is drawn by repetition to return to what it desires, mindlessly drawn by the pleasure of the experience had the prior day so man partakes of the same nature. Yet as well by Grace some who are called see this nature of covetousness in the flesh and break it’s condemnation.
For it is sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of covetousness.
For without the law sin was dead. For I was alive without the law once:
but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord…
The LAW of YHWH IS TREASURE
to be Coveted!
Psa_19:10 More to be desired ( Coveted ) are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
Psa 19:11 Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
Psa 19:12 Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.
Psa 19:13 Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
Psa 19:14 Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.
Solomon goes on to describe Godly Covetousness of YHWH’s treasured Law:
Pro_21:20 There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but foolish ADaM spendeth it up.
Pro 21:21 He that followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, and honour.
Pro 21:22 A wise man scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.
Ending off with this admonition:
Rom_8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Rom 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
Rom 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Rom 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
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