ReNEWed COVENANT Ministry
SABBATH BIBLE STUDY
IF we have sown unto you spiritual things,
Is it a great thing if we shall reap from you carnal things? 1Corinthians 9:11
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Compiled by JS LOWTHER
In connection to the series that I had offered “why do we keep the feasts?”, this next series is offered, to help further support and encourage the Israel of God in her return to YHWH’s ordained worship according to the Scriptures.
I’d like to add that last year around this time I had offered as series on
THE LORD’S SUPPER
Sacrament of the Faith of Jesus Christ
As well as, just a few months back, I had more so established a systematic reason for keeping the feast as Christians under the New Covenant in the series:
How Do We Keep the Feasts?
By the Cup of the Blood of the New Covenant
2Pe_1:2-8 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesu(s) our Lord, According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. For if these things be in you, and abound, for they make neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesu(s) Christ.
A word of Encouragement
In many universalized churches and the protestants following that tradition, the Passover is now identified with Easter, while this name was among Germanic peoples a synonym to Pascha or the Paschal rite as they only represent in the bread and wine and taken on the pagan calendar’s sunday, a non-intrinsic weekly memorial, this time of course is linked entirely to the day called Easter sunday, Easter is the in regards to the spring season, or the time when the sun and new moon with it was more in the easterly direction, yes if we play with the etymology enough will see correlations to Ishtar and all of that, but likewise if you play with any natural phenomenon you will arrive at a pagan culture using that same season as a mode of worship to their respective deities. Yet, regardless of how you speak of this time of the year, what makes this day and feast and season holy, sanctified as devoted and set apart to YHWH GOD is the specific services we do to his name and at that time, a system of worship declared by the revelation of his Word as he wants them to be.
The fact is that the only way we know that when we look into the mirror of the Law of God and examine our works to see if they are more good or more evil, more right or more wrong is by comparison to that Word, this is done by reading the law and believing the record of the perfection the man Jesus Christ, which we understand by reading the law of God even Christ’s own perfection.
While I understand that the last message on many levels does not offer a comfortable and convenient sacrament in the keeping of the Lord’s supper, the Paschal meal, because it in fact involves congregated men uniting together in worship sometimes together, some times as only the males of that family, that those males appear before YHWH with first a spiritual offering in their heart and mind by the mercies of God, to present their bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, in the reasonable service, a service which can only move out of the constraints of the heart to the mind, in the happening of Grace through Faith unto what is done before our eyes, and in our hands, and put on our door posts, these good works our strength brings forth by Christ who strengthens us.
When we look into the mirror that is dark, that is it is not perfect to see an exact image of what it reflects, we only however have the heart that has been graced with certain faith at a particular time in the word of GOD, the word of God which our mind understand at a particular moment in faith, which determines the darkness of that glass we use as a mirror, and then by the eyes we look into the law as that dark mirror, not the very image, but the tool by which we use our fleshly eyes see as a light enlightening our eyes allowing us to compare spiritual to spiritual and to effectively mortify the flesh. So much of this process relies upon our flesh and its ability to process what it is responding to, I know that the progressive sanctification of YHWH according to His Law a hard thing for the flesh to endure, and that is because it requires the one looking into the mirror to mortify and thus transform himself with GOD’s Spirit from what he sees initially, the first time he is called to Hear the call of Love to repentance of dead works unto living works, good works, theologically we call this the synergistic effect of the spirit, that is when you work together with YHWH in the process of sanctification or holiness, and every sacrament of the Church of Christ as the Israel of GOD is synergistic in nature. Monergistic is the call to awake , that is God working alone because you are dead, the redemption of Christ is monergistic in YHWH, the giving of Grace through Faith to any believer is a monergistic action on God’s part, you believing that the Law of God is the mirror to look into before you look is of God alone, but you looking, and you fixing what you to look better is done with you working with GOD. When you see a filthy sinner and you want to progress in your sanctification you look and see that you need to take the bath of Baptism in Christ to be buried with Christ, and be raised with him to a newness of life, when you return to the mirror wet with that immersion before you start to dry off and make yourself look more like the one you have put on in that first faith filled trusting Baptism, you might start to fix yourself, setting yourself apart in every comb stroke (because we know this is done best while wet), as well as in every painful action to like brushing your teeth, or losing weight or gaining muscle tone, trimming your hair or beard, your flesh as it naturally is needs pruned, this are only silly examples, but Rom_6:13 Yield not your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.
Away from the old man and more like the new in the image of him who made you, and elected you to hear, and called you, and gave you a new heart a new mind and a new strength to work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Php_2:13
Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.(Heb_13:21)
Why do I take this time to encourage you in this way?
Because I know that is you are gifted with faith this technical sacramentology becomes laborious, and with so many who will dissuade you from walking according to these before ordained good works, I must put this in perspective theologically, to assure that if you are called to these good works it is by the power of this spirit heretofore described, it is only by the Spirit dwelling in you that identifies with the spiritual law of GOD, that acknowledges the difference between carnal, that is of your flesh as sold under sin. (Rom_7:14), and the spiritual law that is holy, just an good.
Case and point: Sanctified worship is identified and set apart by God’s word as spiritual and acceptable reasonable service which will rise up by faith and because it is worship and service from the scripture directly it can condemn non-lawful worship and lazy non-worship, as I like to say the only difference between idol worship and idle worship is the spelling, both result in sin.
Lev_23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month between the evenings is YHWH’S Passover.
Lev 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Lev 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Focusing on this 14th day between the evenings called YHWH’s Passover, sharing the evening of the 14th and mingling into the 15th day, which after evening in that night the Passover is eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs, unleavened bread, unleavened bread is eaten because this night is the first portion of the first day and holy convocation in Sabbath of the feast/cHaG of unleavened bread.
Exo_12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial (a remembrance); and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
In the context of these verse YHWH is telling us that this day of unleavened bread yet very closely tied to the preparation which takes place for this meal on the 14th day prior. the eating of the paschal meal has been identified as the time after evening, in the twilight of night, the first day of the cHaG of unleavened bread commences, it is a natural Sabbath of the full moon because it is the 15th day after the new moon, it is a holy convocation as all Sabbaths are, yet in this first hour of the 15th day directly after evening the meal is set forth, a supper of a whole roasted lamb, unleavened bread and bitter herbs as specified in the text of Exodus 12 and identified in the last message, we eat it in haste by command, we eat it with shoes on, well dressed and fully dressed, with a staff at hand or in hand. This feast is for the physically circumcised according to Exo_12:48 that is part of the proper keeping of this particular meal called the Passover, the lamb which is the focal point of the 14th day and eaten that night is eaten only by circumcised son’s of Israel as part of that congregational people of covenant.
It is my conviction, while I have and will worship with others who do not hold so, that this meal should be all we eat at this sacred and holy time, we do not need to yet spoil the kids with sweets, or give them other items to eat or drink to fill there or our belly, this meal is not a common or usual meal; and sadly I have felt the press of those I’ve worshiped with whose matters had not been settles enough that they are interrupted by common affairs during this meal, sure emergencies are one thing, God knows, but not procrastination or lack of fore sight, or slackary; Relating back to 6 days shalt thou labor and do ALL of thy work… Get your things finished! Then come and worship by this lovely meal with your sovereign king and your congregation who are in covenant with him, sit as if you are there with the Lord Christ when he said in Luk_22:15 “…With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you…”, this is what Christ desires to do with you, do not take it lightly! Be ready, have your lamp trimmer have your oil full and be ready for the bridegroom is coming and in many ways this is a marriage feast, do not get up from this table for your pieces of silver, or be cast out for not having the right garment on in spirit or in truth. Yes we have fun, yes we enjoy ourselves but his is worship and service, dinner with your king, keep it solemn and holy.
And so with that thought…
Place your self in this moment, in Luke, where Christ our Lord king spoke these words let us consider this special institution of the bread and the cup as part of this special time.
It should be remembered that the last supper was not at the time of the Paschal feast on the Sabbath, it was the evening before or prior on the evening of the 13th shared with the 14th and taught on the 14th that night. The confusion often lies in the us of the Greek word ‘protos’ such as in Mar_14:12 which is sometimes translated ‘first’, but which indicates ‘before’, more like numeral 0 than 1.
It is from the record of the Gospel of Luke this text will be explained from due to it’s language in order to show why we partake of the cup and bread on the holy convocation rather than on the same exact night as our Lord, and that because of the wording and sense of the meaning:
Luk_22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:
Notice: Our Lord’s language, He speaks in the indefinite tense, in Greek this is called the aorist tense, encompassing past, present, and future, this use is indicative of indefinite desire on account of the situation Christ is in. In this case it is in a Hebraism ‘desiring desire’.
Luk_22:16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.
Now since it is firmly established that this is not the Passover meal Christ and his disciples had sat down at the time recorded, the ‘desire desired’ is not satisfied this night, nor will it be until he eat it in the fulfilled kingdom of God. And so this verse straightly is telling his disciples that Christ will not be eating the passover meal tomorrow, because he is going to be suffering… He is desiring the desire of eating with them and has done so and will do so, as a man he desires this fellowship with his friends and neighbors his covenant brothers and sisters according to the commandment, but the divine nature knows what is at hand, as said in Joh_18:37 “…To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world..”.
And so in that tone the following Element is instituted into the oft remembrance of passover:
Luk_22:17-20 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
Notice: The cup is given after the meal here eaten and the object of remembrance is again in focus. Rememberance, like the New Moons are to be remembered (Num_10:10), like the sabbath is remembered (Exo_20:8) like the feast of unleavened bread is remembered (Deu_16:3), and in this case Christ is instituting the Cup as a having the remembrance quality of his blood and the bread broken as having the remembrance quality of his body broken, the breaking of that unleavened non-puffed up, but the inglorious bread of affliction, the bread of bondage and of a people swiftly thrust out of the bondage of Egypt was revealed as having another constant quality, it was always there it was just not fuly known, and it is undoubtedly the unleavened bread which Christ’s apostles equated him with (1Co_5:7, 1Co_10:16-17) not of the leaven bread.
And so it is for this reason that we partake of the body and blood of our Lord at the paschal meal and not on the exact day Christ did so with his disciples, pressingly because the language suggests an institution of this element with the meal Christ would be crucified between the evenings of, that is Christ was crucified on the day and at the time the lambs were being slaughtered for the holy convocation paschal meal, his blood was shed on the day the lambs blood was shed and thus his blood is represented in the meal as well as his broken body in the unleavened bread broken memorially at that meal for us, these elements being instituted make our celebration with Christ at our dinner table, and we as in communion with him the bread who came down from heaven and our cup of salvation as we call upon the name of the Lord.
Ffurthermore, there is no place where Christ as Moses names a date and command an observance apart from this discussion concerning Christ’s desire, thus the rememberance is in reference to the desired Passover Christ indefinitely desires to eat with us. And I think this answers as well the use of Paul in 1Co_11:26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come.
This is why I do not ascribe to the pre-Passover communion of the saint in bread and wine, As a point:
( Many of us like the verse that says ‘the kingdom is within you’ in Luk_17:20-21 as a case for kingdom now theology, which I ascribe to, I believe the kingdom of God has been established as the stone cut from a mountain in Dan_2:34-45, and answered in Dan_7:1-14; but it’s interesting that often times many make use of fulfillment language to emphatically press a destroying of God’s law in the nature of fulfillment by Christ’s resurrection, yet have you ever heard a good answer calculating this assurance in ‘kingdom now-fulfillment in that theology’ ? The keeping of Passover with Christ his kingdom now according to that same fulfillment? In so saying, regardless of your eschatology and how you believe the kingdom is in this present time, with Christ as king in fact is your prerogative, but how those who ascribe the kingdom as now especially in the hyper-preatorist sense but keep not the laws of the king especially this LORD’s Supper is mind boggling to me.)
So with that being said, I offer this message in conjunction with the last as it is part of the elements of the sacrament of the LORD’s Supper aka YHWH’s Passover.
It is for our congregation that after the paschal meal and we are finished in haste that we repose in fellowship, then the wine is brought forth and bread from the dinner loaves that had been set aside one among us who is efficient at the words of the institution that we read from the admonition of YHWH by the hand of Moses in
Exo_13:7-10 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.
Exo 13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.
Exo 13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD’S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.
Exo 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.
At this point after dinner, this is normally explained to the congregation and especially the children who of course eat the paschal meal, but dependent on the parent, such as myself I do not allow the children to partake of the elements of the sacrament in the bread and cup at this time till they be of 20, which is the age of the Laws accountability.
(It is my desire that covenant Baptism in the name of Father, Son and Spirit will occur at this important age yet only if wrought by a firm implantation of Grace through Faith; yet in regards to cleanliness, and of immersive washing, simply a whole body bath we believe this will suffice for cleanness in regards to the eating of the meal itself and one who cleanses themselves in the name of Christ to be part of this service is welcomed as a brother, neighbor or friend as long as they are circumcised according to the specific word of God.)
After this reading we often read the admonition of Paul before our signified partaking of the Lord’s broken body and his blood shed for our new covenant, we read from:
1Co_11:26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come.
1Co 11:27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
1Co 11:28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
1Co 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.
1Co 11:30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
1Co 11:31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
1Co 11:32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
Thereafter we take together as one body, those who will do so by reason of a clear conscience, in the order of:
1Co__11:24 … eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
1Co 11:25 After the same manner also the cup… saying, This cup is the new Covenant in my blood:
this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Christ.
It is after this last portion of the meal is reflected upon and often a song is sung or heard, we regather into joy. The lamb is more eaten depending on the quantity, the wine drunk, the men eventually take the left over lamb to the fire and burn it up in accordance with the Word of YHWH, that none remain till morning. Often we all proceed to the fire place and enjoy our night in the wake of this festive time.
The context of 1 Corinthians 11:
I should be noted that Paul’s contextual discourse in 1 Corinthians 11 is not of the literal meal or supper but that Paul is reminding the church of this time together on this remembrance, which 1 cor is the book of Paul’s which mention the paschal meal and the feast of unleavened bread the most to a ecclesia that knew the Law and knew the ordinance of Passover and unleavened bread, Paul is using the imagery of the holy convocation and feast, the communion of the saints at this time to cause them to amend their present failures and I think in this imagery he makes the best point to say:
1Co 11:33-34 Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation.
As this is not a principle of the Passover, Passover is eaten in homes, the early church universally at this time met in homes (it is anachronistic to think this speaks of a church building or meeting place), rather the many insinuated analogies of the feast and of Passover in 1 corinthians offers that:
1. The church is to be as one new lump -unleavened 1Co_5:6-7
2. Christ is as the paschal lamb sacrificed for us
3. And thus ‘we are to keep the feast not with old leaven’
As the feast of unleavened bread is not to be kept with leaven, Paul analogically calls leaven ‘malice and wickedness’ = ‘fornication’-
but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
And in this letter Paul continues in 1Co_10:16-17 saying,
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
And in continuation from 5 he says,
4. For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.
And then this lesson is continued in what we read in Chapter 11:18:
For there must be also divisions among you,
5. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord’s supper.
1Co_11:21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and one is drunken.
The point being taught by use of the Passover meal and the LORD ’s Supper is not about the eating and drinking but the unity and love in Christ like the ‘desire desiring’ to eat this Passover with us. And to not just be there at the table eating and drinking but to be there as the body, he is us and we in him, to keep the feast foremost with sincerity and truth. This does not dismiss the ordinances of the Passover it fortifies them with better promises that come by faith and delivered on an amazing Passover day!
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