ReNEWed COVENANT Ministry
SABBATH BIBLE STUDY
Compiled by JS LOWTHER
Introduction and Chapter 1:1-8
Timothy is an interesting character of Scripture, we are first introduced to him in Act_16:1-3, we are made aware in parts of the epistles to Timothy that Paul knew the family of Timothy, especially his
“grandmother Lois, and mother Eunice “
whom Paul seems to be well acquainted with, saying of them in 2Ti_1:5
When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee (Timothy), which dwelt first in thy grandmother and mother..
And so one of the things we know about Timothy is that his father was accounted a Greek and his mother, as mentioned was of the house of Judah. We know Timothy was raised under the influence of his father’s house because he was not circumcised until Paul himself circumcised Timothy as to make his ministry more affective among the people of Judah that dwelt in Lystra and Iconium, which is near the same region as Ephesus.
This is interesting because it is Timothy that seemingly carries out the decrees of the Apostles and Elders in Jerusalem as they are decreed in Acts 15, a decree that certified the biblical truth concerning biblical circumcision to not be an issue to be tied to ones salvation, but rather as it is expressed best by Paul him self in
Rom_3:30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Rom 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
Thus, this man Timothy is quite the yoke fellow of Paul from the start in preaching the Gospel and the Law in a most balanced way.
But it is attractive to see that Paul focuses on those women of Faith in Timothy’s life, as we can especially lay the acquaintance the scripture’s truth at the home school minded mother and grandmother, of Timothy the great leader of the church in his day.
It is from the life of this non-covenantally raised child named Timothy and the repercussions of the unfeigned faith of his kinswomen that we have that greatly insightful and instructive verse of the New Testament cannon:
continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them;
And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 2Ti 3:14-15
And Paul’s fortification of this Childhood lesson in confirming that:
2Ti 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
2Ti 3:17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
Let us consider and remember Unfeigned faith is a special treasure, and Paul in some way accounts this gift to have been stirred up when he laid his hands on Timothy in the giving of the Holy Spirit, though he accounts this in some way to have been passed on to Timothy by his mother and Grandmother whom Paul knew.
The Scripture often speaks of the giving of the Holy Spirit at particular times in the life of a believer, at Baptism as it is said in Acts 2, and in the laying on of hands in Act_8:17-18, Act_19:6 , this practice is mentioned through the biblical testimony from Abraham to Moses and Joshua, we see the stirring up of the gift of God as it is given to a particular church member in terms of first believers and converts, by the one who has been sent to that person, but as well this use is seen in the conference of leadership quality as we see in
Deu_34:9And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel hearkened unto him, and did as the LORD commanded Moses.
And this practice is a usual item of some form of conference.
And so we are assured of this, that Paul had an intimate knowledge of Timothy personally, so much so that Timothy was willing to let Paul circumcise him and Paul was wiling to circumcise him for the preaching of the Gospel’s sake, and that this alone shows a special commitment Timothy had with Paul, who is by these acts a form of Covenantal father in place of Timothy’s heathen father.
We see here great hope of regeneration of a line of Lost Sheep of the house of Israel as it is redeemed in Timothy’s life’s work, as this man had gone from a son of a heathen father to leader in the pages of our bible.
Timothy is beside Paul among the Romans Rom_16:21 , Corinthians 1Co_4:17 and the Philippians Php_1:1, Colossians Col_1:1 , and Thessalonians , 1Th_1:1 ,and Timothy is the only person mentioned by name in the book of Hebrews Heb_13:23 (as being imprisoned).
1Ti_1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;
1Ti_1:2 Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
The enactment of Timothy is interesting in that it is not elaborate, rather it is very familiar, yet not devoid of an orderly salutation. One thing that is first interesting to come to mind is how often one who is familiar with another starts to let important order and formality go, though there is in the establishment of the Church at this time a need for a proper example, and so Paul while not offering a large introductory entry into his epistle with Timothy, nevertheless is polite and orderly.
The enactment of an epistle is always important as it show the fuel of the words to come in context, as the foundation on a castle these lack no little importance:
1. Paul’s claim to being sent of Jesus Christ, by God’s commandment – as Jesus by God is savior, and Yet Jesus is Lord of our hope. Thus this command is by both according to the command of the Father and of our savior Jesus Christ
2. Timothy is recognized in a kinship way, as a son yet by genuine relationship by covenantal faith and not by natural covenantal generation,
This salutation is very similar to that which we see in Titus as well, in many ways
What Paul links to this Faith are the usual salutations here after: Grace, mercy, and peace, as they are all given to the family of faith from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
And so it is that Paul sets out in the purpose build on this commandment of God that has sent him as an apostles, an ambassador of these purposes in Faith, by Grace, mercy and and peace sent by the Father and His Christ our Lord.
And here is the warning to start Paul expresses his reasons for writing in linking them to the mission of charging the brethren to not do these things:
1Ti 1:3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they (a. )teach no other doctrine,
1Ti 1:4 Neither give heed to (b.) fables /myths and (c.) endless genealogies, ((which minister questions, rather than godly edifying G3622 which is in faith)): so do.
οικονομιαν / oiko-nomianG3622
1Ti 1:4 …charge certain persons not to teach any different doctrine, nor to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies, which promote speculations rather than the stewardship G3622 from God that is by faith.
These commands are strictly similar to Titus 3:9-10, yet stated in different terms.
And the enumeration of this charge must be started with and ended with is goal or purpose
1Ti 1:5 Now the end of the commandment (or the charge of 1Ti 1:3 …thou mightest charge some that they (a. ) teach no other doctrine, that charges or commandments end) is 1. charity out of a pure heart, 2. and of a good conscience, 3. and of faith unfeigned:
1Ti 1:6 From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling;
1Ti 1:7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
The end or purpose of what Paul is charged with as it teleports into this charge or commandment is ultimately of these 3 points:
1. charity out of a pure heart,
2. and of a good conscience,
3. and of faith unfeigned:
All of these goals of Paul’s charge have the simple bearing of Truth,
That which is pure, good and unfeigned or not fake, literally αν-υπο-κριτουG505
“not under decided”
Paul’s combat in this letter to Timothy has everything to do with maintaining godly edifying or stewardship, or house law G3622 which is in faith among those who teach doctrine.
Though the opposition is to those wanting to be teachers of the law, the whole of this charge is not against the teaching of the law; as 1Ti 1:4 clearly stated in the Greek understanding that the whole goal of the opposition was to command “godly oiko-nomia” which is in faith, that is Godly house hold law that clearly is in faith. This Faithful Economy as we say it in today’s English, is the entire doctrine of the Christian faith, that is how does the house hold of faith live in this world as stewards of the Grace, Mercy and Peace and not be overcome by mysteries or fables, that is not in shut matters, not in endless generations of questions that serve the believers with more and more questions, but rather the firm doctrine is to be taught of God’s house hold law which is in Faith as described prior of Grace, Mercy, and peace.
The trouble is not God’s law, rather the trouble is with those who want to teach hat they do not understand, and so rather than being teachers they only can want to be teachers, and thus when question arise that God has answered in his word, in order to continue the mystery questions are added to questions to generate more mystery.
But the doctrine of House hold law management in faith is to be administered unto edification, unto the answering of every matter and not to the generating of questions and doting about mystery (shut matters).
The men Paul is speaking of have, as The ABP says it very literally:
missed their aim,G795 turn asideG1624 to useless discussion,G3150
1Ti 1:7 wantingG2309 to be teachers of the law,G3547 notG3361 comprehendingG3539 what they say, nor concerning (or concerned (with) G4012 ) what they positively assert.G1226
I do not even personally believe this text is dealing with genealogies as we find in the book of chronicles, but rather it is using genealogical language to make a point about breeding new questions with mysteries that usurp God’s law as it is applied to the house hold of faith.
But rather what does Paul teach?
That which is known…
1Ti_1:8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;
1Ti 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
1Ti 1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind (Homosexuals), for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
1Ti 1:11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.